The previous writeup must have shed a light on the concept of plagiarism, at least to a considerable extent. However, this writeup will definitely be a continual eye opener as to the little things we do that breeds plagiarism.
A slogan is common in the new age schools “eni to mo way, lo mo iwe” which literally implies “he who knows the way, knows the book”. This strategically pinpoints that ingenuity and effervescent burning of candles won’t determine a student’s success in exams. Permit me to call a spade by its name – examination malpractice.
At the last page of a WASSCE question paper is inscribed :
“Examination malpractice is corruption !!! Do not engage in it”.
A-make-believe impression is created by different examination centres during this period.“Don’t bring in phones or gadgets, don’t bring in key points, textbooks, notepads…whatever seems implicative”. But a thousand naira is enough to pass an examination without reading, it is not bribe. It is kola nut.
But where am I really headed ? Evil is evil, irrespective of the methods used. It won’t be surprising when an assumed 200 level student plagiarises a poem for his school project and still stands by it. Why ? Isn’t that the brunt of a dilapidated educational sector ?
Name withheld, someone has plagiarised my poem and offered me two thousand naira. The look was killing enough, does it seems like I wanna make fast money from my writings ? Then, these plagiarists don’t really know the gravity of their atrocities.
All forms of writings are weapons, it would be annoying if we fall a victim of what we preach. It might seem weird but I sure know some writers pardon the plagiarists of their works in the name of a measly money, thereby creating an impression that writers (basically poets) are poverty stricken and hungry. If I pardon a plagiarist, it would be because he took down the post or tendered an apology letter. No money, I repeat, no money can trade off my works. We wanna make money from poetry but that shouldn’t bedevil our sense of reasoning. And this is exactly what happens during external examinations.
Teachers are paid meagre, they can’t wait till they get to heaven for their reward. Some might just find themselves in Hades, you know. So they want to make money from teaching and they believe the best thing is to apply what they need to give the students what is required. Relatively, the writer want to apply what he seeks to give the plagiarist what he wants. Are we killing or breeding plagiarism ? Freelancing is another thing entirely, don’t get it mixed up.
The little things we do really count. That examination malpractice might just be a parent background for plagiarism. The sooner you know, the better.
Proudly Supported By :
Poets in Nigeria (PIN)
Horn of Afroclassical Poet
Precious Pen Blog
Writing to Writers (W2W)
The Bleeding Pen
Hello People out there. Am Martin Donaldson Daisy from Music Arena Gh. Music Arena Gh is out with a new segment which we think is another way to let the world know more about our Uprising Artistes from Ghana and in another way to help Fans and Families of these artistes to know them better and increase interaction between them.
Today I have with me in the studios One of Ghana’s Fast rising Artiste of our time. I call him ‘THE PRINCE OF HIGHLIFE’ because to me, He is Legend and should be celebrated. He is the hit maker of TRUE LOVE, POWER BOY, N’ADOM, MY BROTHER MY ENEMY, and many more. I would like you to have a feel of these songs by downloading them below;
SIKA PELLI is what he is popularly called in the music industry. Lol……. I don’t know how his folks call him though’……
MARTIN:Great having you with me
Sika Pelli Gh: Thank you Big Boy making it Big also…
MARTIN: Loool……Thanks.For me I know you to be Sika Pelli. Who at all is Sika Pelli???
Sika Pelli Gh: Sika Pelli is a Ghanaian Afro Hilife Artiste. Real name is Psalmuel Quabena Ampadu Jr
MARTIN:Wow nice name you have….. Ampadu like the high life legend. No wonder you are good at it. Lol. How did you come by that name if I may ask??
Sika Pelli Gh:Anwomtofour Hene [Nana Ampadu] as his fans calls him is my Uncle. We all from Obo Kwahu [Eastern Region – GHANA ]. I was named After him
MARTIN:Wow…. Nice. So it’s like a family name??
Sika Pelli Gh:Yes Family name Martin
MARTIN:Oh okkk…. Why the name Sika Pelli then. You could have used your real name. Why Sika Pelli???
Sika Pelli Gh:Yes I have all the rights to use my family name but when a beef comes up, people will use that to insult my family as a whole. So I decided to hide my family from my job and do my thing. Sika is also my maiden name. But Pelli is a nicky which means Wonderful.
MARTIN:Hahahahahahahahahh….. Are talking about beef because of the once we recently had or the on going beef between two mainstream artistes. Hehehe.
Sika Pelli Gh:Yes buddy! It may happen to me one way or the other nti ma y3 study [So I don’t want to joke with it] hehe.
MARTIN:Looooool. That very smart move there. Hahaha. Where were you born and where do you come from??
Sika Pelli Gh: I was born in Liberia Monrovia. Came to Ghana when I was 10 years. But am from Obo Kwahu [Eastern Part Of Ghana] But Mum is the from Danteng means I am An Ashanti Boy [Asante Nii].
MARTIN:Kai. Asu!! Asante nii Abrante3[Asante Man]. I love that. Am actually an asante boy too.
Sika Pelli Gh:Number 1……… hehehe
MARTIN:Hehahahaha. Any educational background????
Sika Pelli Gh:Yes Boss! I attended Red Cross [Liberia] Kindergarten and then continued to Opinamang Primary School [Nkawkaw – Ghana]. I furthered unto Obo RC Preparatory School
(JHS) Obo then Nkawkaw Secondary School and finally Ashasi University Computer Science.
MARTIN: Really so you are a computer scientist??? How does it feel.What at all do you guys do??
Sika Pelli Gh:Very proud of it cos I love computers and computers always loves it when i touch them.
MARTIN:Wow. Amazing. You know I wanted to work in that field
Sika Pelli Gh:I repair computers, i teach I.C.T, I also do networking, etc. I use the computer for lot of things,I cant mention all. I’m even using it to play beat at home koraa hahaha.
MARTIN:Hahahahahahahahaha. Wow!! Spectacular.How did you get into the music business and for how long has it been??
Sika Pelli Gh: I got into the game when i was 6 years. I starting singing and playing drums using my hands on table tops hahahaha… When i got to age 10, i realised i couldn’t hold it on again… When am even on the street and i hear the radio playing any favorite song, i will stand there and sing it all word to word before i leave that center otherwise i will never walk on.
I quite remember when i heard my favorite song playing at one CD shops at Kumasi. I crossed the road faster even than the gods …..haha……all because i dont wanna loose that song without singing it. I was nearly knocked down by a car but it was all good. At the age of 15, i met Kesse Babe [another talented singer] at SSS [Nkawkaw Sec Sch] and mehn, there was when our talents unleashed. We rocked, plays and did even learn music together. That was how it all started.
MARTIN: Wow… Wow… Wow…. You almost got yourself killed just because of music. Hahahaha.
Sika Pelli Gh: That’s it buddy
MARTIN: Hahahaha.Thats very serious.What gener of music do you do??
Sika Pelli Gh:I’m all round Musician. I ride in every beat from Highlife to Afro Pop to Raggae to Dancehall to Hiplife to Zumbie just name them but “HIGHLIFE” is my true calling….. I was called by God to do Hilife for the broken hearted, I put salt and Sugar in peoples relationship through music. I am a Doctor yeah a Doctor cos i have been repairing some broken hearts through my crafts
MARTIN:Am speechless…. Was that a manifesto?? Amazing piece. It’s like am listening to poetry. Bro you are talented
Sika Pelli Gh:Hahahaha u made me Boss
MARTIN: Hahahaha. What are some of the challenges you face??
Sika Pelli Gh:Hmmmmm.. I think i will make it one statement. I need Listeners to listen to me when am singing period. A management team to sign will not be bad at all to promote my crafts.
MARTIN:What inspires you, how do u get your lyrics??
Sika Pelli Gh:Inspiration? Got it from life!,The way life treats me is the true reflection of my lyrics and music
MARTIN:OK… Good. So it’s like how the life goes is how you get your lyrics??
Sika Pelli Gh: When love hits me well, i sing about it. When love fails me, i sing about it. When i dont have money, i sing about it.. Etc
MARTIN: What if a stone hits you??
Sika Pelli Gh: Hahahahah then that going to be Reggae then… Stone, Stone, Stone………hahaha
MARTIN: Hahahahahahahaha. How many artists have you worked with so far??
Sika Pelli Gh: Aaiisshh what a question… I will say a lot approximately 10
MARTIN: Loool…… 10??
Sika Pelli Gh: Yes man hahaha
MARTIN: That good… I hope there are more on the way
Sika Pelli Gh: Yes… Working with Amerado on a joint dubbed ‘U BORE ME’. Ghana should watch out for it. Afropop
MARTIN: Nice. Nice move. Can’t wait for that track myself. What do you want to achieve with your music??
Sika Pelli Gh: Soo dope trusts me hehe. I wanna rock the world like what MJ did b4 he died. Want my name to be every corner of the world.
MARTIN: Loool… That’s a great ambition. So who’s your favorite artiste??
Sika Pelli Gh: Favorite Artiste is DL [Daddy Lumba] locally. Internationally, R. Kelly, Usher & Chris Brown
MARTIN: Nice, nice what of the rest.. Heahaha
Sika Pelli Gh: Most of them are doing very well but i think if “delivery” than any other thing. I love the way they twist and turn on a beat
MARTIN: Lol….. Nice
MARTIN: Our time is far spent. Hahahahh…..What do you have to say to the new ones in the game
Sika Pelli Gh: They should look at and help we those who got the cross on our neck. Because we can’t light brighter without them. Especialy the Highlife Artistes Ghana should help bring us to the mainstream because they always say Highlife is dying but i tell you. Christ isn’t died so is Highlife because i am the Highlifa.
MARTIN: Hahahh……You always dropping deep lines as highlife artiste. You should rap oooo. In fact I learnt you rapped on one of your songs. How true is that??
Sika Pelli Gh: Oh yeah… But hey that was a try hehehe… I love hooking up with Dope Rappers for the rap gaps.
MARTIN: Hehehehehehe….. All right Sika Pelli we’ve come a long way to the end of today’s session. Your last words to your fans
Sika Pelli Gh: One of the best feelings one can have is the feeling that some people who have never met you in person have your back. I have experienced love from unimaginable people; Ghana, Liberia, Paris, UK, USA, London and all over the world. Some met me crying, gave me gifts, took pictures, asked questions, and some, not so pleasant. But in all of these, I have no complaint because being where I am is a gift and privilege by God. I am grateful to God, my friends & fans, and stakeholders in the industry who love me just the way I am. I want to take this time to say thank you to everyone who made the journey of 2016 easier despite the attendant challenges. I plan and hope that 2017 will be different from previous years. The jobs I will do will be slightly different from that of the past. I will take up more challenges. As always I am grateful. I wish you the best this year has to offer.
MARTIN: It’s Sika Pelli!!! Herh!!!!
Sika Pelli Gh: Hahahaha IRep80s
MARTIN: But wait ooo…. Say something little about Afrique Eye Records
Sika Pelli Gh: Afrique Eye Records is my record label. And with time, i will be signing some dope Rappers and Singer to grow the Record Label with them smoothly.
MARTIN: That’s I nice initiative. I wouldn’t have allowed you off if you hadn’t said anything about that.
Martin Donaldson Daisy is the Owner of Music Arena Gh. An online portal for upcoming artists. As a graphic designer, blogger and social media expertise, he is the confident and creative designer who is self-motivated, self-sufficient and comes to you with a strong background in both print and digital media.
Aside from designing, Daisy is among the few media personnel pushing Unsigned Artistes in the media business. He currently lives and study’s Digital Media in Nottingham College, United Kingdom. He has worked with quite a few entertainment websites and Currently also works as a freelance Graphic Designer and Publicist.
Culled from Arcus Dictionary, plagiarism: a piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work. However, the natural philosophy teaches that being able to present the concept of a term in your own words, as it freely flows from the mind is near to the truth, if not the truth.
My years in creative writing has made me come to understand that plagiarism is an act by which undue credits are taken upon another’s creative outpour, mostly without consent and omission of reference to the original creator. A plagiarist can then be said to be a new age Antonio (in the words of Shakespeare’s Tempest).
While I was undergoing Basic education then in a private setting, I incurred antagonism from peers and some teachers, as well. This was due to the fact that I believe in what can be crafted by the ten fingers and not what can be dubbed by two eyes. Dubbing is an act, which has eaten deep into the pupils and students likewise (word for word;verbatim). If however we understand the implication of this act nurtured from tender age, we would get to know that it is a parent background for plagiarism.
A child dub his classmate’s work, simply because he was indolent to work on the assignment given or couldn’t stretch out of his comfort zone to scribble something out. He however has high hopes that his brilliant classmate would allow him to dub the answers before morning assembly on Monday. We feel this has no implications but it goes a long way in creating an unnecessary dependency, an addiction to the sweat of others hence creating stagnancy for the latter.
I remembered a fracas I got into while undergoing my basic education in Oloye Group Of School. My class teacher had made it seemingly compulsory to allow a fellow classmate to dub from an assignment I worked on for weeks. This got me really angered and unsatisfied, my (ego) as people might tag it arose when she had to flog me for being obstinate. Under no given permission, I left the class and despite all pleas, I refused to access the class again. Being a topnotch pupil then, it was definitely a great loss to have me withdraw and this was one of the factors by which I became a pupil of Sunfab Group of School but that is a story for another day. The point has been made.
On normal days, I commune with fellow classmates who are like minds. We do some school works together and task one another on projects. This was not infuriating because a tree cannot make a forest but dead seeds around the great mahogany won’t make a farm sef. I move with like minds, I relate ideas to people who I believe aren’t totally dull academically (forgive me, if this sounds harsh).
People tag me as a patient of self centeredness, undue ego and someone who has been infected with the I-TOO-KNOW syndrome. It will however be shocking to know that someone in this light will some days scribble some lines and when it is plagiarised, he cries out. What is he protecting ? His work ? His pride ? His image ?
The little things we do really count. Charity begins at home, they say. School is home as well and whatever have been created in the mindset of a young child lives for long. It is necessary to create an independent spirit and the system of belief in one self, hence killing the monstrous demon tagged inferiority complex.
When next you see a child dubbing another work, try to stop him not by violence but by enlightenment. If not, that same boy might someday plagiarise a random work on Facebook in the name of “I love it” and the fierce WAP would make sure his name gets in the mud. Examination malpractice breeds plagiarism likewise.
Till the quill bleeds again.
YUSUF ALABI BALOGUN
Convener, War Against Plagiarism.
Proudly Supported by :
Poets in Nigeria (PIN)
Horn of Afroclassical Poet
Precious Pen Blog
Writing to Writers (W2W)
The Bleeding Pen.
It may be regarded as one of the most basic and unexotic sex positions but missionary is actually one of the most dangerous, according to doctors.
In a new study called the ‘relationship between sexual position and severity of penile fracture’ from the International Journal of Impotence Research, doctors analysed which sex positions were the most dangerous for men.
The study found that ‘doggy style’ sex is the most dangerous, with 41 percent of cases of penile fracture occurring as a result of using the position.
Missionary, with the man on top, was in second place, as the cause behind 25 percent of penile fracture cases, followed by sex with the woman on top in the third.
The researchers who worked on the study included R Barros, L Schulze, A A Ornellas, L Koifman and L A Favorito.
They noted that doggy style sex and missionary could cause the equally serious penile fracture, while the woman being on top was the least dangerous.
They said: ‘We do not observe differences between the severity of the penile fracture between the “doggy style” and “man-on-top”, but the “doggy style” had more severity of penile fracture when compared with “woman-on-top”.’
How does a penis fracture?
A penile fracture occurs when the appendage is subject to a sharp, blunt force trauma, which can occur during vigorous intercourse or masturbation.
Since 1924, 1,600 cases have been recorded worldwide – roughly 16 instances per year, the Telegraph previously reported.
Researchers noted that in 50 per cent of cases, a gruesome cracking sound can be heard. Four in five male victims lost their erection.
Those who have already been traumatised from breaking their penis are often left with erectile dysfunction problems and a lifetime of painful sex.
Earlier this year, MailOnline reported on a man from southern China who was left in agony after breaking his penis during sex with his wife.
Doctors found that his penis was at an odd angle and was in a swollen shape that made it look like an eggplant.
He was diagnosed with a penile fracture after tearing a sponge-like erectile tissue called corpora cavernosa.
Blood flows into corpora cavernosa that runs along the penis and making it hard during an erection.
The trick to stopping penile injuries is to thrust quite shallowly, according to Tracey Cox.
‘Holding your partner close to you using a grinding rather than thrusting motion will also reduce the risk’, she told MailOnline.
Ovulation is one part of the female menstrual cycle whereby a mature ovarian follicle (part of the ovary) discharges an egg (also known as an ovum, oocyte, or female gamete). It is during this process that the egg travels down the fallopian tube where it may be met by a sperm and become fertilized.
Ovulation is controlled by a part of the brain called the hypothalamus, which sends signals that instruct the anterior lobe and pituitary gland to secrete luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH).
The process usually occurs between the 10th and 19th day into the menstrual cycle, and this is the time where humans are most fertile.
What are the phases of ovulation?
The entire ovulation phase is defined by a period of elevated hormones during the menstrual cycle. The process itself can be informally divided into three phases:
Periovulatory (follicular phase):
a layer of cells around the ovum begins to mucify (become more mucous-like) and expand, and the uterus lining begins to thicken.
Ovulatory (ovulation phase):
enzymes are secreted and form a hole (or stigma) that the ovum and its network of cells use to exit the follicle and eventually enter the fallopian tube. This is the period of fertility and usually lasts from 24 to 48 hours.
Postovulatory (luteal phase):
a hormone called LH or luteinizing hormone is secreted. A fertilized egg will be implanted into the womb, while an unfertilized egg slowly stops producing hormones. In addition, the lining of the uterus begins to break down and prepares to exit the body during menses.
When does ovulation occur?
A woman’s menstrual cycle lasts between 28 and 32 days on average. The beginning of each cycle is considered to be the first day of her menstrual period (menses). Ovulation itself generally occurs between day 10 and day 19 of the menstrual cycle, or 12 to 16 days before the next period is due.
Young women will begin to menstruate – a time referred to as menarche – between the ages of 9-15, and during this time will ovulate and be able to become pregnant.
Ovulation typically stops after menopause around the age of 51. Ovulation still occurs during the time leading up to menopause, however, which is referred to as peri-menopause.
How can ovulation be detected?
Finger pointing at a fertility temperature chart.
Ovulation may be detected by the effect that it can have on a woman’s body temperature.
There are several indications that a woman is ovulating. During ovulation, the cervical mucus increases in volume and becomes thicker due to increased estrogen levels. It is often said that the cervical mucus resembles egg whites at a woman’s most fertile point.
Ovulation may also lead to a 0.4 to 1.0 degree increase in body temperature. This is driven by the hormone progesterone that is secreted when an egg is released. Women are generally most fertile for two to three days before the temperature achieves its maximum.
A few women are actually capable of sensing ovulation in their mid-sections. It is described as being mildly achy or a pang of pain. This condition is called Mittelschmerz – from the German “middle pain” – and it may last between a few minutes and a few hours.
Finally, ovulation predictor kits are available from drug stores that are able to detect the increase in luteinizing hormone in the urine just before ovulation
In a recent interview between musicarenagh and the Ambandi female rapper Gina Gee conducted by Mr Styx, she delve deeper into her personal life her future, whats at stake and talks about her family as whole. she also made some exclusive disclosure.
Enjoy as you read the full interview below :
Mr Styx: To begin with would you mind telling us your name?
Gina Gee: Sure, my birth name is Gina Williams, but I am popularly known as Gina Gee.
Mr Styx: OK then I assume the Gina was derived from your name? But tell me where from the Gee?
Gina Gee: Yes just like you said, Gina is derived from my name but i got the Gee way back when i was in SHS, that was the name my friends used to call me. So after completion i decided to use Gina Gee as ma Showbiz name and the ‘Gee’ simply means an Ambitious,Go_Getta and hardworking person.
Mr Styx: Then I must say that’s a nice name you’ve got, but for how long have been doing music?
Gina Gee: Hahaha Well i loved music since infancy… I started rapping wen i was 9 years old but i took the music seriously wen i completed Shs which was 2011 so professionally its been 7years. And I recorded ma first track in 2010
Mr Styx: Was it a demo or a mastered track?
Gina Gee: It was demo lol u know those days
Gina Gee: I was still in sch then
Mr Styx: 😂😂
Then what was the response when you first told your parents about your intentions to do music… Not all parents support that idea
Gina Gee: Erhm i was the Entertainment Prefect way back in school and ma parents were aware, so to them it was obvious, the guessed I would take this music thing seriously so wen i told them about it they weren’t surprised at all and they truly believe in me, they only adviced me to work harder if thats really what i wanted to do & they conclude they Got ma back
Mr Styx: That’s touching..
Have they ever condemned a song because of it lyrics?
Gina Gee: Well they have never condemned any songs of mine cos i bring out Dope tunes…tunes each and everyone can relate to, and its so amazing, and the response i get from fans when i perform on stage merhnn they just love me and ma tunes trust me though i am an upcoming artist
Mr Styx: That’s amazing.
Gina Gee: Ikr
Mr Styx: So growing up as a young girl what profession did you want to pursue.?
Gina Gee: I always wanted to be part of the media. Been a journalist in addition to the music
Mr Styx: So do you do music as a full time career?
Gina Gee: No pls im a student as well, I am a product of Jayee University..its actually a private university
Mr Styx: Right. What type of music do you do?
Gina Gee: Well i do hip-life,hip hop & Afro pop. I am a Rapper but i discovered ma singing talent not long ago, so i did the singing on a tune i released Just this year titled #MiSumobo. Let tell you something funny, 😂 to my family what I do best is rap, so whenever i open ma mouth to sing at home my Mom gon tell me to shut up cos i sounded horrible but surprisingly after i released the #Misumbo tune & she listened she realized i could even do much better,she didnt believe it was me singing
Gina Gee: I tried lol
Mr Styx: Oh yeah.. I got the chance to listen after it was released, and It’s awesome.
As an upcoming artiste who would you say is your all time favorite musician
Gina Gee: Aaaww thank You. Well I think every artiste is good but i listen to Sarkodie, Stonebwoy, Shatawale nd the Ambandi Boss Capasta, I listen to the songs of these Acts most
Mr Styx: Really? This are from different genres.. Why this names ?
Gina Gee: Yea ikr the fact that i Iisten to their music doesn’t mean they are the pple i imitate….Well i don’t imitate any artist im just doing ma thing and i only look up to God but i can say they are ma favourite artiste so far.
Mr Styx: What influenced you to do rap music? And what influences your lyrics
Gina Gee: Well i get influenced by everyday activities/experiences and i watch what goes on in the society as a whole and i use that to write my songs So everyone can relate to whatever i write or talk about in my songs
Mr Styx: Interesting.Ever felt like quitting /giving up?
Gina Gee: Yeah i have felt like giving up so many times and whenever i feel that way i talk to a close frnd about it she advises and encourages me. And sometimes when i feel like giving up i just think about how i started and how far i have gotten,i mean how far God has brought me and it just aint
the same cos i remember when i started i had to plead on people to put me on bill or give me the chance to perform at a show but now people call me to perform at shows and most of these shows I do charge them, its just marvelous how God has been so good to me even tho i have not reached the level that i want to be im still grateful and im hoping to get there,Life is wat matters if there is life then there is hope so hopefully i will make it trust me🙏
Mr Styx: You would surely make it.. So in your statement you said something about level,
Whats that level you want to reach
Gina Gee: Yea sure wana reach that stage i will be named one of the best female rappers,wana reach a point that i can say to myself that i have achieved all ma aim in this life
Mr Styx: And do you have any fears?
Gina Gee: Ma greatest fear is losing ma love ones
Mr Styx: Yeah.. I know that feeling. Fearsome
Gina Gee: Yeah
Mr Styx: We’ve gotten to the fun aspect, we always have this game we play, and would like to play with you.
It’s very simple and easy. You would be given 10 boxes to choose 3 out off. Each box choose has a question. The rule is simple, just answer with sincerity..
Mr Styx: This would be fun 😂😂
6 – At what age did you first fall inlove?
Gina Gee: Wen i was in class 6 that was when I found my first love 😌😂
Gina Gee: 7. Myself I’m not interested in beef so i wouldnt beef any artists
Mr Styx: 😂.. Should I say you are scared?
Gina Gee: 😂😂 hell no
And let me emphasize on this, I’m not in competition with any artiste.
I’m competing with myself to bring out the best of me watease3 and i believe i told u before that I’m just doing my thing.So if any artist out der try to beef me or bringin out a diss song which goes against me i will just pay no attention to that,i wont mind him or her cos even i replying that artiste will be like I’m hyping him or her so i wont even mind u
And note that i ain’t scared of any artist
Mr Styx: Nice
Gina Gee: Yea
Mr Styx : 9 – If you had the chance to make a wish what would you wish for?
Gina Gee: 9. if i had the chance to change something it would be poverty
Mr Styx: Why poverty?
Gina Gee: Cos its soo appalling…imagine u wana buy something and u don’t have the money to, how would u feel ? You wanna have something but you not getting it, the feeling is bad so if i had the power and chance i would change poverty, myself if i mk it big im gon help much orphanage in soo many ways . And besides and its more blessed to give than to receive so im gon love to help dem to gain more blessings from God
Mr Styx: That’s inspiring, so what would you tell other upcoming artiste?
Gina Gee: Well,will tell dem to keep on working hard,its not easy tho but they should still keep the spirit high,be prayerful & leave the rest to God.You definitely gon reap whatever u sow u know.
Mr Styx: What’s up with the bandana. You Always put on one, is there any secret?
Gina Gee: Its actually For easy recognition.That bandana identifies Gina Gee. Its part of the brand u know ….I remember sometime ago i went for a show and i had to drop at lapaz to pick another car home & anytime im on ma way home i take off the bandana..So the moment i got to Lapaz i was very thirsty so i decided to buy water so i by passed these two ladies and i heard one saying its her and the other one saying that’s not her,I knew very well it was about me so i got back to them and asked why the fuss? the first lady asked politely please are you not Gina Gee i just laughed and responded No Im Gina cos i don’t have my bandana on, I’m only Gina Gee when my bandana is on lol and i later told them not to mind me im Gina Gee
Gina Gee: So actually ma two horns which is ma hair and with the bandana on makes it much easier for people to recognize me even wen i don’t have ma bandana on people could still recognize me cos of ma hairstyle
Gina Gee: Watease3
Mr Styx: Aane 3no nso y3 fine
Gina Gee: Yeah
Gina Gee: Medaase
Mr Styx: Why would you call you hair horns?
Gina Gee: Lol. Well i got that word from a fan, he said he loved ma two horns and i later realized it was ma hair he was talkin about
Mr Styx: Oh really?
Have you thought about changing your hairstyle?
Gina Gee: Yeah yeah.
Gina Gee: I remember i intentionally made a post on fb saying im changing ma hairstyle whether u like it Or not
Gina Gee: and the response i got from ma fans was…they don’t like the idea of me changing it,some told me to maintain it but at the end of day im the only person who can decide whether to change it or not
Gina Gee: But i have thought about changing it.It wouldn’t be soon tho
Mr Styx: Oh OK
Gina Gee: Yep
Mr Styx: Any upcoming projects we should look out for?
Gina Gee: Yeah sure…. remember i told u im gonna release 2 hip hop tunes …I changed ma mind cos im working on another tune featuring Capasta and its not a hip hop tune,i would replace that tune with the other hip hop ..so instead of 2 hip hop tunes, its gonna be 1 hip hop and 1 afro pop and im also working on ma Album so they should all Anticipate
Mr Styx: Is the date out already?
Gina Gee: Not yet out but if anything im gon let them know
Mr Styx: Any last words?
Gina Gee: Yeah Sure …I Wana thank all ma Fans and Loved ones so much for been supportive since day one…I really do appreciate and trust me there’s more to come,the fire im coming up with cant be contained.They should keep supporting Gina-Gee.#Fedefedey3nkor Ambaaaaaaaandi!!
Mr Styx: Nice…
Mr Styx: Thank you for your time.
Gina Gee: U welcome and thanks too.
To be honest headache is one of the many factors we are unproductive at work. Everybody suffers from headache at a point in time. There are different types of headache but let’s talk about a few.
A tension headache is the most common type of headache. It can cause mild, moderate, or intense pain in your head, neck, and behind your eyes. Some patients say that a tension headache feels like a tight band around their forehead.
The majority of people who suffer from tension headaches have episodic headaches, which occur one or two times per month on average. However, tension headaches can also be chronic.
People with tension headaches commonly report these symptoms:
Episodic Tension Headaches (occur less than 15 days per month)
Pain is mild to moderate, constant band-like pain or pressure
Pain affects the front, top or sides of the head.
Pain usually begins gradually, and often occurs in the middle of the day
Pain may last from 30 minutes to several days
Chronic Tension Headaches (occur more than 15 days per month)
Pain may vary in intensity throughout the day, but the pain is almost always present
Pain comes and goes over a prolonged period of time
Associated Symptoms of Tension Headaches include:
Headache upon awakening
Difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep
Mild sensitivity to light or noise
General muscle aching
Tomorrow we would get to know what triggers tension headache, how to prevent it and effective remedies. Subscribe to our mail to recieve updates.
Yesterday we got to know some common types of headache , and promised we continue from where we ended. So let’s begin with Causes of tension headaches
Tension headaches are caused by muscle contractions in the head and neck regions. A variety of foods, activities, and stressors can cause these types of contractions. Some people develop tension headaches after staring at a computer screen for a long time or after driving for long periods. Cold temperatures may also trigger a tension headache. Other triggers for tension headaches include:
a cold or flu
a sinus infection
How to treat a tension headache
Medications and home care
You can take over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications, such as ibuprofen or aspirin, to get rid of a tension headache. However, these should only be used occasionally. According to the Mayo Clinic, using OTC medications too much may lead to “overuse” or ”rebound” headaches. These types of headaches occur when you become so accustomed to a medication that you experience pain when the drugs wear off.
OTC drugs are sometimes not enough to treat recurring tension headaches. In such cases, your doctor may give you a prescription for medication, such as:
If painkillers are not working, your doctor may prescribe a muscle relaxant, which is a medication that helps stop muscle contractions. Your doctor may also prescribe an antidepressant such as a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). SSRIs can stabilize your brain’s levels of serotonin and can help you cope with stress.
Your doctor may also recommend other treatments, such as:
stress management classes to teach you ways to cope with stress and how to relieve tension
biofeedback, which is a relaxation technique that teaches you to manage pain and stress
cognitive behavioral therapy, which is talk therapy that helps you recognize situations that cause you stress, anxiety, and tension
acupuncture, which is an alternative therapy that may reduce stress and tension by applying fine needles to specific areas of your body Supplements
Some supplements may also help relieve tension headaches. However, since alternative remedies can interact with conventional medications, you should always discuss these with a doctor first.
According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), the following supplements may help prevent tension headaches:
riboflavin (vitamin B-2)
Other ways to ease a tension headache include:
applying a heating pad or ice pack to your head for five to 10 minutes several times a day
taking a hot bath or shower to relax tense muscles
Since tension headaches are often caused by specific triggers, identifying the factors that cause your headaches is one way to prevent future episodes.
A headache diary will help you determine the cause of your tension headaches. You can keep a record of your daily meals, beverages, and activities, as well as any situations that trigger stress. For each day that you have a tension headache, make a note of it. After several weeks or months, you may be able to make a connection. For example, if your journal shows that headaches occurred on days when you ate a particular food, this food may be your trigger.
Coping with headache
Migraines are tough, but you can learn ways to manage them. From medications, to alternative treatments, to new methods to ease stress and relax, try these tips to keep the pain at bay.
Follow your migraine treatment plan. Don’t take medications your doctor didn’t order.
Relieve emotional stress. Take time to unwind and step away from stressful situations. Learn skills that can calm you, like deep breathing and progressive muscle relaxation.
Lower physical stress. Proper rest and sleep will help you relax and face a new day. If you sit for long stretches of time, get up and move around often. Relax your jaw, neck, and shoulders.
Exercise regularly. Try to get at least 30 minutes of exercise on most days of the week.
Friendship groups play a major role in a student’s life and the density of ties that he/she shares with friends is associated with specific social and academic benefits, says a new study.
The study showed that friends can act both as resources and liabilities in an individual’s academic achievement and also continue to be so even after college life.
Contrary to conventional wisdom, students are quite savvy in recognising that friends can distract them and in strategically using friends to help them improve their academics.
The most successful strategies, however, differ by network type,” said Janice McCabe, Associate Professor at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire, US.
In the study, the researchers mapped the friendship networks of 67 students at a Midwestern university. They found that student friendships can be classified into three types of networks — tight-knitters, samplers and compartmentalisers.
Students in the group of tight-knitters know each other, and refer to their friends as family and relied on each other socially. Academically, they were supportive and helpful.
Ovulation symptoms aren’t difficult to notice. Once you know what to look for like 6 Different Ways to Detect Ovulation, you’ll be surprised how easy it can be.
Some ovulation signs warn you that ovulation is approaching. This allows you to time sex for pregnancy. Others let you know that ovulation has passed. This can be reassuring, giving you confidence that you actually did ovulate.
Below are 6 different ways to detect ovulation. While there are many methods below, don’t try to use them all.
Sign of Ovulation
#1: Increased Sexual Desire
Turns out nature does know what it’s doing!
Research has shown what many of us already notice: Women experience an increase in sexual desire when they are most fertile.
This libido boost comes a couple days before you ovulate. This is also the right time to have sex if you want to get pregnant.
Pros of using this method to detect ovulation:
Doesn’t require any know-how. Just being in tune with your feelings.
Worse comes to worse, if you have sex and you weren’t about to ovulate, you still (hopefully) had a nice time with your partner.
The stress of trying to conceive can squash sexual feelings. Also, depression or anxiety, common in couples coping with infertility, can lower sexual desire.
It’s not a definite sign of ovulation. You may notice an increase in sexual desire at any time in your cycle, including right before your period, or even after watching a great Johnny Depp or Pierce Brosnan movie. (Or maybe that’s just me.)
#2: Body Basal Temperature Changes
Basal body temperature charting is perhaps the most popular method of tracking ovulation.
Your body basal temperature is your body’s temperature at rest. It will rise by a few tenths of a degree when ovulation occurs.
To detect this rise in temperature, you need to take your temperature every morning. You’ll need to do so at the same time every morning before you get out of bed.
Then, you’ll need to enter the information into a fertility chart.
6 Different Ways to Detect Ovulation
Pros of using this method to detect ovulation:
If your temperature rises, you can be almost positive that you ovulated.
It’s low cost and almost free. (Except for the purchase of a thermometer, which you probably already have.)
May help your doctor make a diagnosis of anovulation, if the charts don’t detect ovulation.
Won’t warn you that ovulation is coming. Can only confirm that it has passed.
May not work if your sleep patterns are unusually erratic or you work the night shift.
Some women feel overwhelmed by taking their temperature every morning. Also, worrying about every little fluctuation in temperature can make some women more anxious than they already are. It can easily become an obsession.
#3: Cervical Mucus Changes
Your cervical mucus changes in amount and consistency the closer you are to your fertile window. By paying careful attention to the change, you can predict your most fertile days.
When you’re not ovulating, cervical mucus may appear sticky, creamy, or may be entirely absent.
Cervical mucus becomes more abundant when you’re in your ovulation period. It goes from a watery stage to a raw-egg-white-like consistency. It may stretch up to an inch or more between your fingers!
Cervical mucus like this helps the sperm stay alive and swim their way through the cervix and up into your uterus.
Pros of using this method to detect ovulation:
Considered to be one of the most accurate indicators for timing sex for pregnancy.
Get to know your body better.
Some people are grossed out by the idea.
Not a definite sign. You can have fertile cervical mucus, and not ovulate. (Common in women with Polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOS.)
Clomid or antihistamines may dry up your cervical mucus, which may make detection difficult.
Read: phases involved during ovulation
#4: Changes in Cervical Position
Just as your cervical mucus changes as ovulation approaches, your cervical position also goes through changes.
Your cervix will be higher, softer, and more open when you’re most fertile.
Think cervical checks are just for nurses and doctors? Actually, once you know what to feel for, anyone — including you! — can learn to check cervical position.
Pros of using this method to detect ovulation:
Get to know your body better.
May help you figure out if you’re ovulating, even when your cervical mucus is drier from antihistamines.
Takes practice to get a feel (no pun intended) for the differences.
Some people are grossed out by the idea.
Not a definite sign of ovulation. Like with cervical mucus, you can have fertile cervical signs but not actually ovulate.
#5: Breast Tenderness
Some women experience tenderness in their breasts just before or after ovulation. Most women notice this most after ovulation.
Why do your breasts hurt? It’s caused by hormones preparing your body for pregnancy. (Your body is so optimistic!)
Pros of using this method to detect ovulation:
Helps you get to know your body better.
It’s by no means an accurate indicator of ovulation.
Breast tenderness may come before or after ovulation, as well as right before menstruation and as a side effect of some fertility drugs.
Getting too obsessed about how tender your breasts feel can lead to obsessing over imaginary pregnancy symptoms.
#6: Positive Result on an Ovulation Predictor Test
Another common way of detecting ovulation is with an ovulation predictor test kit. Ovulation predictor tests are sometimes referred to as OPK tests or just ovulation tests.
#6 Different Ways to Detect Ovulation
OPKs require you to either pee on a test stick or dip a special paper into a cup of collected urine. You do this once a day for a week before you expect to ovulate.
There are two lines on the test strip. Whenever the test line is darker than the control line, the test has detected Luteinizing hormone (LH) surge. (This is the exact same hormone that causes fertile cervical mucus.)
The LH surge occurs right before ovulation. If you have sex at this time, you’re very likely to get pregnant.
Pros of using this method to detect ovulation:
If body basal temperature (BBT) charting isn’t your cup of tea, an ovulation predictor kit can be used.
If cervical mucus is dried up from medications, you may still get a positive on an ovulation test.
You only need to bother with the tests for a week or two before you expect to ovulate.
If fertility charting gives unusual or confusing results, an ovulation predictor kit may clarify things.
Determining when the test line is darker than the control line isn’t always easy.
You can miss the LH surge and never see a darker line. For example, let’s say you test Monday morning. Then, your LH surges Monday afternoon. By Tuesday morning, when you test again, it may be over already. (Some women test more than once a day for this reason – raising the cost.)
If you ovulate irregularly, you may need more than one kit per cycle.
Not a definite sign. You can have positive OPK results and not ovulate. You can also have more than one LH surge detected per cycle, but only the last of those surges correlates to possible ovulation.
What If You Don’t Notice Any Ovulation Symptoms?
Let’s say you read Ovulation phases through this list, and you don’t get any ovulation symptoms. Or you’re not sure if you’re having any.
In that case, you should go see your doctor. It’s possible you’re just missing them but you are still ovulating.
However, it may be that you’re not ovulating. This is called anovulation and is a possible cause of infertility.
If you’re not ovulating, it’s also likely that your periods are irregular.
Usually, you should go see your doctor if you don’t get pregnant after trying to conceive for one year. (Or, after six months of trying to conceive if you’re age 35 or older.)
But if you are experiencing infertility symptoms, or you’re concerned about your fertility, you don’t have to wait to see your doctor.
Remember that the sooner you get help, the more likely you’ll have success if you need fertility treatments.
Ibrah, a 31-year-old businessman who is said to be a resident of Dansoman a suburb in Accra,known for his first class lifestyle and known to be flaunting his Instagram page with fleet of expensive cars which cost millions of dollars has decided to give out iPhones in a trotro as he celebrates his 32nd year on earth.
This is no fairy-tale as his cars all sporting customized number plates, range from a G-Wagon (estimated cost of $140,000), a Bentley (estimated cost of $180,000) a Mercedes GTS (estimated cost of $130,000), a Rolls-Royce Wraith (estimated cost of almost $300,000), a Mercedes SLC (estimated cost of $80,000), a Ferrari 458 Italia (estimated cost of $240,000) and an Audi R8 (estimated cost of $170,000) amongst others.
Breast cancer is a kind of cancer that develops from breast cells.
Breast cancer usually starts off in the inner lining of milk ducts or the lobules that supply them with milk. A malignant tumor can spread to other parts of the body. A breast cancer that started off in the lobules is known as lobular carcinoma, while one that developed from the ducts is called ductal carcinoma.
Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in females worldwide. It accounts for 16% of all female cancers and 22.9% of invasive cancers in women. 18.2% of all cancer deaths worldwide, including both males and females, are from breast cancer.
Breast cancer rates are much higher in developed nations compared to developing ones. There are several reasons for this, with possibly life-expectancy being one of the key factors – breast cancer is more common in elderly women; women in the richest countries live much longer than those in the poorest nations. The different lifestyles and eating habits of females in rich and poor countries are also contributory factors, experts believe.
According to the National Cancer Institute, 232,340 female breast cancers and 2,240 male breast cancers are reported in the USA each year, as well as about 39,620 deaths caused by the disease.
The anatomy of a female breast
1. Chest wall. 2. Pectoralis muscles. 3. Lobules (glands that make milk). 4. Nipple surface. 5. Areola. 6. Lactiferous duct tube that carries milk to the nipple. 7. Fatty tissue. 8. Skin.
A mature human female’s breast consists of fat, connective tissue and thousands of lobules – tiny glands which produce milk. The milk of a breastfeeding mother goes through tiny ducts (tubes) and is delivered through the nipple.
The breast, like any other part of the body, consists of billions of microscopic cells. These cells multiply in an orderly fashion – new cells are made to replace the ones that died.
In cancer, the cells multiply uncontrollably, and there are too many cells, progressively more and more than there should be.
Cancer that begins in the lactiferous duct (milk duct), known as ductal carcinoma, is the most common type. Cancer that begins in the lobules, known as lobular carcinoma, is much less common.
Symptoms of breast cancer
A symptom is only felt by the patient, and is described to the doctor or nurse, such as a headache or pain. A sign is something the patient and others can detect, for example, a rash or swelling.
The first symptoms of breast cancer are usually an area of thickened tissue in the woman’s breast, or a lump. The majority of lumps are not cancerous; however, women should get them checked by a health care professional.
Women who detect any of the following signs or symptoms should tell their doctor:
A lump in a breast
A pain in the armpits or breast that does not seem to be related to the woman’s menstrual period
Pitting or redness of the skin of the breast; like the skin of an orange
A rash around (or on) one of the nipples
A swelling (lump) in one of the armpits
An area of thickened tissue in a breast
One of the nipples has a discharge; sometimes it may contain blood
The nipple changes in appearance; it may become sunken or inverted
The size or the shape of the breast changes
The nipple-skin or breast-skin may have started to peel, scale or flake.
Causes of breast cancer
Experts are not definitively sure what causes breast cancer. It is hard to say why one person develops the disease while another does not. We know that some risk factors can impact on a woman’s likelihood of developing breast cancer. These are:
1) Getting older
The older a woman gets, the higher is her risk of developing breast cancer; age is a risk factor. Over 80% of all female breast cancers occur among women aged 50+ years (after the menopause).
Women who have a close relative who has/had breast or ovarian cancer are more likely to develop breast cancer. If two close family members develop the disease, it does not necessarily mean they shared the genes that make them more vulnerable, because breast cancer is a relatively common cancer.
The majority of breast cancers are not hereditary.
Women who carry the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes have a considerably higher risk of developing breast and/or ovarian cancer. These genes can be inherited. TP53, another gene, is also linked to greater breast cancer risk.
3) A history of breast cancer
Women who have had breast cancer, even non-invasive cancer, are more likely to develop the disease again, compared to women who have no history of the disease.
4) Having had certain types of breast lumps
Women who have had some types of benign (non-cancerous) breast lumps are more likely to develop cancer later on. Examples include atypical ductal hyperplasia or lobular carcinoma in situ.
5) Dense breast tissue
Women with more dense breast tissue have a greater chance of developing breast cancer.
6) Estrogen exposure
Women who started having periods earlier or entered menopause later than usual have a higher risk of developing breast cancer. This is because their bodies have been exposed to estrogen for longer. Estrogen exposure begins when periods start, and drops dramatically during the menopause.
Post-menopausal obese and overweight women may have a higher risk of developing breast cancer. Experts say that there are higher levels of estrogen in obese menopausal women, which may be the cause of the higher risk.
Taller-than-average women have a slightly greater likelihood of developing breast cancer than shorter-than-average women. Experts are not sure why.
9) Alcohol consumption
The more alcohol a woman regularly drinks, the higher her risk of developing breast cancer is. The Mayo Clinic says that if a woman wants to drink, she should not exceed one alcoholic beverage per day.
Canadian researchers found that certain jobs, especially those that bring the human body into contact with possible carcinogens and endocrine disruptors are linked to a higher risk of developing breast cancer. Examples include bar/gambling, automotive plastics manufacturing, metal-working, food canning and agriculture. They reported their findings in the November 2012 issue of Environmental Health.
Cosmetic implants may undermine breast cancer survival
Women who have cosmetic breast implants and develop breast cancer may have a higher risk of dying prematurely form the disease compared to other females, researchers from Canada reported in the BMJ (British Medical Journal) (May 2013 issue).
The team looked at twelve peer-reviewed articles on observational studies which had been carried out in Europe, the USA and Canada.
Experts had long-wondered whether cosmetic breast implants might make it harder to spot malignancy at an early stage, because they produce shadows on mammograms.
Women with cosmetic breast implants who are diagnosed with breast cancer have a 38% higher risk of death from the disease, compared to other patients diagnosed with the same disease who have no implants, the researchers wrote.
After warning that there were some limitations in the twelve studies they looked at, the authors concluded “Further investigations are warranted into the long term effects of cosmetic breast implants on the detection and prognosis of breast cancer, adjusting for potential confounders.”
Treatments for breast cancer
A multidisciplinary team will be involved in a breast cancer patient’s treatment. The team may consists of an oncologist, radiologist, specialist cancer surgeon, specialist nurse, pathologist, radiologist, radiographer, and reconstructive surgeon. Sometimes the team may also include an occupational therapist, psychologist, dietitian, and physical therapist.
The team will take into account several factors when deciding on the best treatment for the patient, including:
The type of breast cancer
The stage and grade of the breast cancer – how large the tumor is, whether or not it has spread, and if so how far
Whether or not the cancer cells are sensitive to hormones
The patient’s overall health
The age of the patient (has she been through the menopause?)
The patient’s own preferences.
The main breast cancer treatment options may include:
Lumpectomy – surgically removing the tumor and a small margin of healthy tissue around it. In breast cancer, this is often called breast-sparing surgery. This type of surgery may be recommended if the tumor is small and the surgeon believes it will be easy to separate from the tissue around it.
Mastectomy – surgically removing the breast. Simple mastectomy involves removing the lobules, ducts, fatty tissue, nipple, areola, and some skin. Radical mastectomy means also removing muscle of the chest wall and the lymph nodes in the armpit.
Sentinel node biopsy – one lymph node is surgically removed. If the breast cancer has reached a lymph node it can spread further through the lymphatic system into other parts of the body.
Axillary lymph node dissection – if the sentinel node was found to have cancer cells, the surgeon may recommend removing several nymph nodes in the armpit.
Breast reconstruction surgery – a series of surgical procedures aimed at recreating a breast so that it looks as much as possible like the other breast. This procedure may be carried out at the same time as a mastectomy. The surgeon may use a breast implant, or tissue from another part of the patient’s body.
Radiation therapy (radiotherapy)
Controlled doses of radiation are targeted at the tumor to destroy the cancer cells. Usually, radiotherapy is used after surgery, as well as chemotherapy to kill off any cancer cells that may still be around. Typically, radiation therapy occurs about one month after surgery or chemotherapy. Each session lasts a few minutes; the patient may require three to five sessions per week for three to six weeks.
The type of breast cancer the woman has will decide what type of radiation therapy she may have to undergo. In some cases, radiotherapy is not needed.
Radiation therapy types include:
Breast radiation therapy – after a lumpectomy, radiation is administered to the remaining breast tissue
Chest wall radiation therapy – this is applied after a mastectomy
Breast boost – a high-dose of radiation therapy is applied to where the tumor was surgically removed. The appearance of the breast may be altered, especially if the patient’s breasts are large.
Lymph nodes radiation therapy – the radiation is aimed at the axilla (armpit) and surrounding area to destroy cancer cells that have reached the lymph nodes
Breast brachytherapy – scientists at UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center revealed that patients with early-stage breast cancer in the milk ducts which has not spread, seem to benefit from undergoing breast brachytherapy with a strut-based applicator. This 5-day treatment is given to patients after they have undergone lumpectomy surgery. The researchers found that women who received strut-based breast brachytherapy had lower recurrence rates, as well as fewer and less severe side effects.
Side effects of radiation therapy may include fatigue, lymphedema, darkening of the breast skin, and irritation of the breast skin.
Medications are used to kill the cancer cells – these are called cytotoxic drugs. The oncologist may recommend chemotherapy if there is a high risk of cancer recurrence, or the cancer spreading elsewhere in the body. This is called adjuvant chemotherapy.
If the tumors are large, chemotherapy may be administered before surgery. The aim is to shrink the tumor, making its removal easier. This is called neo-adjuvant chemotherapy.
Chemotherapy may also be administered if the cancer has metastasized – spread to other parts of the body. Chemotherapy is also useful in reducing some of the symptoms caused by cancer.
Chemotherapy may help stop estrogen production. Estrogen can encourage the growth of some breast cancers.
Side effects of chemotherapy may include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, fatigue, sore mouth, hair loss, and a slightly higher susceptibility to infections. Many of these side effects can be controlled with medications the doctor can prescribe. Women over 40 may enter early menopause.
Hormone therapy (hormone blocking therapy)
Hormone therapy is used for breast cancers that are sensitive to hormones. These types of cancer are often referred to as ER positive (estrogen receptor positive) and PR positive (progesterone receptor positive) cancers. The aim is to prevent cancer recurrence. Hormone blocking therapy is usually used after surgery, but may sometimes be used beforehand to shrink the tumor.
If for health reasons, the patient cannot undergo surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy, hormone therapy may be the only treatment she receives.
Hormone therapy will have no effect on cancers that are not sensitive to hormones.
Hormone therapy usually lasts up to five years after surgery.
The following hormone therapy medications may be used:
Tamoxifen – prevents estrogen from binding to ER-positive cancer cells. Side effects may include changes in periods, hot flashes, weight gain, headaches, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and aching joints.
Aromatase inhibitors – this type of medication may be offered to women who have been through the menopause. It blocks aromatase. Aromatase helps estrogen production after the menopause. Before the menopause, a woman’s ovaries produce estrogen. Examples of aromatase inhibitors include letrozole, exemestane, and anastrozole. Side effects may include nausea, vomiting, fatigue, skin rashes, headaches, bone pain, aching joints, loss of libido, sweats, and hot flashes.
Ovarian ablation or suppression
– pre-menopausal women produce estrogen in their ovaries. Ovarian ablation or suppression stop the ovaries from producing estrogen. Ablation is done either through surgery or radiation therapy – the woman’s ovaries will never work again, and she will enter the menopause early.
A luteinising hormone-releasing hormone agonist (LHRHa) drug called Goserelin will suppress the ovaries. The patient’s periods will stop during treatment, but will start again when she stops taking Goserelin. Women of menopausal age (about 50 years) will probably never start having periods again. Side effects may include mood changes, sleeping problems, sweats, and hot flashes.
Biological treatment (targeted drugs)
Trastuzumab (Herceptin) – this monoclonal antibody targets and destroys cancer cells that are HER2-positive. Some breast cancer cells produce large amounts of HER2 (growth factor receptor 2); Herceptin targets this protein. Possible side effects may include skin rashes, headaches, and/or heart damage.
Lapatinib (Tykerb) – this drug targets the HER2 protein. It is also used for the treatment of advanced metastatic breast cancer. Tykerb is used on patients who did not respond well to Herceptin. Side effects include painful hands, painful feet, skin rashes, mouth sores, extreme tiredness, diarrhea, vomiting, and nausea.
Bevacizumab (Avastin) – stops the cancer cells from attracting new blood vessels, effectively causing the tumor to be starved of nutrients and oxygen. Side effects may include congestive heart failure, hypertension (high blood pressure), kidney damage, heart damage, blood clots, headaches, mouth sores. Although not approved by the FDA for this use, doctors may prescribe it “off-label”. Using this drug for breast cancer is controversial. In 2011, the FDA said that Avastin is neither effective nor safe for breast cancer.
So today I decided to share some fashion tips, every male would like to look good, even without suit and tie. Males always want to look good regardless of the occasion. You want to dress better, but most style advice revolves around suiting up or just around whatever’s trendy this season.
But that’s not what you’re looking for. Fashion Tips. You just want to make a better first impression on people you meet in everyday life. You just want to look good in your clothes without looking too flashy. You just want to look like a better-dressed version of you.
And that version of you still likes to keep it casual. Looking good goes beyond what you wear, even how you wear it counts
So what you’re really looking for is some casual style tips for guys who want to look sharp outside of a suit and tie.
Well, you’ve come to the right place. Let’s begin with this 15 tips
1. Fit is King – The most dramatic improvement you can make in your style is to make sure everything fits impeccably. Most guys wear clothes that are too large. Make sure everything you wear is almost hugging the shape of your body – without being tight. Bad fit is an epidemic. We call it “Bad Fit Disease”…
2. Keep it simple – You want a wardrobe that looks great on you, but don’t overdo it. Don’t wear more than three pieces of jewelry or more than three colors. Don’t dress like a rock star unless you’re in a band. If you want to be flashy, a simpler but stylish look would be sporting a black striped dress shirt with a white blazer, a dark pair of jeans, a dressy belt, and your sharpest dress shoes. You could also add a flashy watch or a simple accessory like an interesting necklace, but nothing more. Check out out our article on basics to refresh yourself on what are essential wardrobe items.
3. Change the way you see casual – casual doesn’t have to be boring. Have fun with collared shirts, or take some inspiration from those who approach casual a bit differently.
4. Pay attention to your supporting pieces – Some sweaters are lean and others are big and chunky. The first rule of thumb is that your top and bottom halves need to match. If you’re wearing a big, chunky, rugged fisherman knit sweater, your bottom needs to be rugged, too. Don’t wear a fisherman’s sweater with a beautiful silk-and-wool suit pant. Instead, wear it with something as casual as cargos or jeans, or dress it up with a Harris tweed blazer.
5. Never go shopping alone – Most of the time, it’s tough to trust the sales people because they usually work for commission. Shop with a friend who will give you their honest opinion. Also, read about shopping on a budget.
6. Stay a notch above – Don’t overdo it to a fault, but dare to take some risks. It’s always better to be a little bit overdressed than underdressed in any setting. All you have to do is think about where and who you’re going to be with and just step it up one notch. But make sure you’re not better dressed than someone who is more important in a certain setting, like your boss. 7. Never underestimate the power of details – The last thing on is usually the first thing noticed. So mind the details instead of throwing together the main parts of your outfit. “Details” can include a scarf, a subtle pocket square, or the way you tie your tie knot.
8. Invest in a superb pair of shoes – If it’s one thing that women will notice, it’s your shoes. Especially how clean and sharp they look. It’s easy to wash and press the rest of your clothes to keep them looking new, but most guys disregard their shoes. Show that you’re a man of taste by getting a great pair of shoes and keeping them in pristine condition.
9. Fashion Tees with logos – When you’re going around with a big logo on your shirt, you risk looking like a walking billboard. Lose the lame Coca-Cola shirt and go for a classic v-neck tee or something artsy (check out threadless.com).
10. Disregard trends – Beware of buying something just because it’s “in” right now – stick to what you truly like. A lot of people rush to get in on the latest trend and end up with a bunch of clothes they don’t wear. It’s better to learn to build a versatile and timeless wardrobe first – then bring in your own twists with some of the new fashion. This one tip will save you so much money! Read up on our compiled list of 40 Common Men’s Fashion Mistakes for extra info.
11. Don’t be a sucker for brand names – Don’t be a Patrick Bateman. Before you decide to purchase an item, ask yourself if you are buying it simply because of the brand name or because you love the quality and style. Ask yourself, “Would I buy this if there was no logo on it?” Check out our article on how to look designer for less.
12. Continually cultivate your image – Invest more time and money into your image. Cultivate your fashion sense. Your style is a huge mode of communication, and is worth caring for as much as your education, career, and relationships. Sign up for our free crash course on knowing your own style. Oscar Schoffler, longtime fashion editor of Esquire once said, “Never underestimate the power of what you wear. After all, there’s just a small bit of yourself sticking out at the collar and cuff. The rest of the world sees what you drape on your frame.”
13. Ask for real feedback – Most of your friends and family aren’t going to go out of their way to tell you what looks bad. You have to ask for it. In fact, ask anyone and everyone you trust to tell you the truth. Ask your hairstylist, ask your best friend, ask your mother!
14. Upgrade your shave – Even if your fashion is golden, an unkempt beard can be an attraction killer. Achieve a perfect shave by trying a shave brush & old-fashioned double-edged razor.
15. Experiment with style – The only way you’ll really learn, is if you go out there and try new things. I make an effort to try something completely out of my comfort zone whenever I’m at a store – many times you’ll end up loving something you never thought you would. If you make mistakes, life goes on. So many guys are afraid to express themselves through their style, don’t be one of them. Check out our article on how to put an outfit together.
When planning a vacation, it is always a good idea to visit a new place for adventure. There are many places you can go to in the world. However, the following are the ones that make it to the 12 must-see places in the world.
1. The Parthenon
Located in Athens, Greece, the Parthenon is another major wonder of the world. It was purposely constructed in honor of the patron goddess of Greece, goddess Athena. The temple is very big and also hosts statues that cannot be seen anywhere else. Greece’s beauty is well captured within the walls of the Parthenon. Any trip to Athens can never be complete without a visit to this temple.
2. The Great Wall of China
This is definitely a place you want to visit in your lifetime. The Great Wall of China was constructed by the Chinese military in the 7th century B.C, as a way of defending their territory from the Mongolian empire of the East. It is one of the great wonders of the world and was listed in 1987 by UNESCO as a World Heritage. The wall winds up and down like a gigantic dragon across plateaus, mountains, grasslands, deserts.
3. The Palace of Versailles
A visit to this world’s most magnificent palace will make you wish you were a royal. The Palace of Versailles in France is the home of King Louis XIV and Queen Marie Antoinette. Originally, the palace was a hunting lodge before its transformation to what it is today. It is said to be the most decadent and glorious place you can ever be to in the world.
4. The Grand Canyon
This is also another wonder of the world falling among the 10 must-see places in the world. The Grand Canyon is a huge natural crater curved through the State of Arizona by the Colorado River. It is about 277 miles and has 18 miles between as its widest points. It is without doubt a testament as to what nature is capable of. Thousands of tourists travel several many miles each year to see for themselves this natural wonder.
5. Niagara Falls
Niagara Falls is the collective name for three huge waterfalls forming a border wall between Canada’s Ontario province and New York State. The names of these three falls are American Fall, Bridal Veil Falls and the Horseshoe Falls. These falls are known worldwide for their beauty and size.
6. The Taj Mahal
India is well known for good architectural work. However, the Taj Mahal takes the prize any day. Over three million visitors throng the location of the monument each year, to get a taste of the inspiration it provides. Emperor Shah built it as a tribute to his wife, who died in childbirth. What a great show of love? This majestic gesture of true affection probably should not miss in the places you must visit in your lifetime.
The pre-historic monument in Wiltshire, England was built in around 3000 B.C, according to carbon dating. Stonehenge is believed to have been a burial ground that was used for a few thousand years. It is not hard accessing this glorious presence as it can easily be reached in a short day trip away from the busy London City.
8. Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu is gorgeous city located in Peru’s Cusco region at about 8000 ft above sea level. The incant city was constructed to be the emperor’s Incan but was later abandoned at the time Spanish conquest. Touring this ancient city will certainly take your breath away. It will forever remain a proof of the past’s splendid architectural works.
9. The Pyramids of Giza
Egypt’s pyramids still remain a mystery even to the modern architecture as some of the stones used weigh more than 88 tones. The Pyramids of Giza have become known as some of the grandest structures in the world. Want to try and solve this mystery? Consider taking a trip to Egypt.
Antarctica is the world’s most isolated continent and closes the list of 10 must-see places in the world. It is a home of ice and snow and is found at the world’s southern tip. Still, you can find some penguins who are brave enough to live in the cold and call the continent home. It is also a place where you can get a chance to see the southern lights, also called Aurora Australis.
11. Easter island, Chile
The island has its fair share of volcanoes, hiking trails, rivers and forests; but it is known all over the world for the Moai heads. There are close to 20,000 archeological sites all over the island which includes the Ahus in the north. Ahus are platforms on which the Moais are placed. The ones on the north are the only ones to have Moais with eyes still. Others lead to old, abandoned villages like Orongo which are made of several small, neat stone houses with tiny doors which bid people to crawl through them in order to enter the living room. Coming back to the Ahus and Moai statues, the Ahus are platforms on which the statues are placed. Understandably, some of these Ahus have more than one statue while some flaunt only one. All the Moai statues face towards the villages away from the see as they were regarded as the protectors of the native people and their homes. The only exception being the Moais on the Ahu Akivi where the seven statues face towards the sea. All the statues that stand upright today have been reset by the archeologists who found them and their prodigies. The island is filled with surprises, big and small, strewn across the plains as well as the sea shore. The best way to enjoy these is to go on a spontaneous hike without any guides as the chances of getting lost on most of the trails is next to nil.
12. Angkor Wat, Cambodia
This is an architectural feat people wait their entire lives to see the sun peeking above the dark silhouette of the imposing temple and the other 200 structures that accompany it. These were constructed sometime between the 9th and the 15th centuries and till date attract millions of enthusiastic tourists from all across the world. The largest pre-industrial complex to be built is still enwrapped in mystery. Watching the sun set with the golden light lingering on the Angkor Wat is as transcending as watching the sun rise. This is definitely one place you cannot afford to miss out while making your list.
Want to deck up your home with modern furniture? Opt for recliner or go for carpets and lights to make your abode look more modern, says an expert.
Want to deck up your home with modern furniture? Opt for recliner or go for carpets and lights to make your abode look more modern, says an expert.
Swarup, Designer at Furlenco, Furniture Rental company, has rolled out ideas on furniture that can add a modern twist to your homes.
* Recliner: This is perfect for a corner in your house where you can spend hours reading your favourite book or binge-watching TV shows. Go for a classy, sophisticated looking lounger which is made of superlative fabric and suits all weather conditions.
* Queen size bed: Night time is when it gets really chilly and you want to leave behind all your worries and enjoy a good night’s sleep curled up under a soft, comfy quilt. It is essential your mattress gives you a sense of tranquillity and a queen bed also promises maximum space; you can hoard extra fluffy pillow for a splendid good night’s rest.
* Patio furniture: Wooden furniture is perfect for the outdoors but needs to be taken care of, since the weather can be harsh on the wood, the best way to avoid the ill-effects is to use furniture covers to protect your patio furniture from the weather conditions or paint your furniture if you see any signs of chipping or peeling.
* Plush three-seater sofa: The seating arrangement should be such that people feel welcome the moment they walk into your home and should sink right into the comfort of your sofa.
* Lights and carpets: Lamps of different sizes and dim lights around the house can make you feel at home in an instant. Yellow lights tend to spread warmth around the house. The floor is likely to get cool during winters. Lay down huge, plush carpets to avoid stepping on the chilly floor as they will keep your feet warm and snug
The Magic nut
Cyperus esculentus is a crop of the sedge family widespread across much of the world.
Tiger nuts are one of nature’s super foods. They are high in fibre, highly nutritious and are believed to contain ingredients that can help prevent heart attacks and improve blood circulation. I used to think Tiger nuts benefited only the males in our society, least did I know tiger nuts are highly nutritious and benefits everybody regardless of the sex. People in North Africa and Spain have been snacking on tiger nuts for centuries. Here are ten of the amazing health benefits we derive from eating tiger nuts.
1. They are very high in fibre
Tiger nuts are a very rich source of dietary fibre. Over 30% of a tiger nut is made of fibre and that’s more than oats, bran and most vegetables and fruits. We all need fibre to keep our digestive system in good working order, and it call also be an aid to weight loss, by making you feel fuller for longer.
2. They help to control blood pressure
Another one of wonderful health benefits of tiger nuts is that the nuts are high in amino acids, especially one called arginine, which has been shown to be beneficial to those suffering with high blood pressure. Arginine has been clinically proven to reduce blood pressure.
3. They are a good source of magnesium
Tiger nuts are a good natural source of magnesium, which is needed by the body to help with muscle and nerve function and for the proper functioning of the immune system. Magnesium also helps to regulate the heart beat and maintain healthy blood pressure levels.
4. They are a rich source of protein
Protein is a vital ingredient used in the building of muscle, skin and bone, and tiger nuts provide a rich source of protein. Tiger nuts are in fact one the best, non-meat, sources of protein that there is.
5. They help regulate blood sugar levels
Another one of great health benefits of tiger nuts is that they help regulate blood sugar levels. The insoluble fibre found in tiger nuts can be of great help to diabetics. Insoluble fibre is important to diabetics, because, unlike other carbohydrates, it does not cause peaks and troughs in the blood sugar levels.
6. Tiger nut milk can be used as a cow’s milk substitute
Tiger nut milk contains no lactose but plenty of calcium, so it makes a great alternative to cow’s milk, for people who are lactose intolerant.
7. Tiger nuts are a good source of Vitamin E
Tiger nuts are also a good source of the antioxidant, Vitamin E, which helps to protect against the damage caused by free radicals in the body. By protecting the body against free radicals, Vitamin E can help prevent both cancer and coronary diseases, as well as slow down the onset of the signs of ageing.
8. They contain the healthy fats
Another one of health benefits of tiger nuts is they contain the healthy oils that are very similar to olive oil. The oil extracted from tiger nuts consists of around 80% unsaturated fats and only 18% of the cholesterol causing saturated fat.
9. They are a good source of vitamins
Recent studies have found that tiger nuts are brimming with vitamins and minerals. They are a superb source of Vitamins C and E and the minerals, such as potassium and phosphorus. Some yoghurt is now being made with added tiger nut milk, to boost their nutritional content.
10. Tiger nuts are so nutritious; they are being used to fight malnutrition
Tiger nuts are so packed with nutritional goodness that they are being considered as an alternative staple food in some developing countries. A study in Egypt found that tiger nuts are more nutritious and less expensive, than some other staple foods. Isn’t it surprising how such a small nut can give us all this benefit. Am sure this has helped you.
When your work is going badly, it’s going to be almost impossible to stay positive about your job. You’ll enjoy it more when you feel on top of things. Here’s how:
1. Do your toughest work first:
Have you ever put something off for weeks, and found that the longer you put it off, the harder it was to get started? By tackling the “tough” things (whatever you feel resistance to), you’ll make the rest of your day seem easy.
2. Make a change:
even a small one. Boredom is often at the root of unhappiness at work. So take a single step toward modifying what’s getting you down. Challenge yourself to look for one area that would give you more joy at work and then make it happen. If you persistently add worth to what you bring to the job, chances are your boss will notice and reward you for it.
One way to do this: sign up for continuing education or professional development programs offered by your employer. When you acquire knowledge, you notice the world around you. Your mind turns on.
3. Get up to speed on your field:
If you become complacent about trends, you’ll get left behind. Then, when new and interesting opportunities do arise at work, you might not be nimble enough to grab them.
Make a practice of reading trade publications. And set up a Google Alert to notify you about the latest news in your industry. Being in the know can inspire you to think of projects you might be able to nominate yourself for at work or start on your own.
4. Raise your hand and ask for new duties:
Dissect your current position to pinpoint a new responsibility you can add that will refresh your focus and maybe even scare you a bit. Keep your ear to the ground to get the scoop on positions opening up or emerging projects — even if they’re short-term. Then throw your name into the hat.
Say “yes” to new assignments. If you’re worried you’re not up to the task, accept the invitation gracefully and with confidence and then get moving to figure out how to do it. The adrenaline will charge you up and when you succeed, the rewards will be internal and external.
5. Delegate properly:
Hand over tasks which you don’t need to be doing, and give your colleague full responsibility – don’t micromanage. If you work for yourself, consider hiring someone to take on the jobs which you find difficult or tedious.
6. Don’t go straight to your inbox:
Do you really need to open your emails at 8.30am? Most people will be happy to wait a few hours for a reply. Get on with your important tasks before tackling emails – it’ll make your whole day go more smoothly.
7. Give it your best:
f you habitually do as little work as you can get away with, you’re probably not going to feel much sense of satisfaction. Put some effort in, however routine the task, and at least you’ll know that you did a good job (even if no-one else notices).
All the distractions and interruptions in a typical office can eat up hours of valuable work time. Close Facebook and Twitter, turn off the new email notifications, and get on with your work – your day will go much more smoothly, and you’ll have a sense of accomplishment at the end of it all.
9. Focus on what you like about your work and ramp it up:
This will give you the strength to tackle the tough parts. Consider things like your coworkers, your (perhaps only occasionally) stimulating assignments, opportunities for learning, the respect you engender and the perks — whether that’s cold beer or a 401(k).
10. Finally, laugh more.
A recent Gallup poll found that people who smile and laugh at work are more engaged in their jobs. And the more engaged you are, the happier and more enthusiastic you’ll be. This won’t just trickle down to the quality of your work; people will want to have you on their team.
Things that we think are obstacles are actually opportunities to do something,”
In 1914, Thomas Edison’s lab burned down, and years’ worth of his work was destroyed. This could easily be described as the worst thing to happen to Edison, but the inventor instead chose to see it as an energizing opportunity that forced him to rebuild and re-examine much of his work. Edison reportedly said at the time: “Thank goodness all our mistakes were burned up. Now we can start again fresh.” I was amazed after reading his report, so I kept asking myself was he just bold man or he didn’t value his works. But the choices you make every day can help you grow stronger and become better.
Just like people aren’t born with physical strength, no one is blessed with incredible mental strength at birth. Instead, mental strength is developed over time by individuals who choose to make personal development a priority.
In addition to avoiding the things that could hold them back, mentally strong people create healthy habits that assist them in growing stronger. Here are Ten things mentally strong people do every day to strengthen their mental muscles:
1) They Use their Mental Energy Wisely
It’s easy to get distracted throughout the day by a variety of unimportant and unproductive tasks. Mentally strong people choose to use their time and energy carefully. They devote their efforts to the things that matter most so they can accomplish their goals.
2) They Reframe Their Negative Thoughts
Everyone has negative thoughts sometimes, but mentally strong people don’t let those thoughts hold them back or drag them down. Instead, they respond to their pessimistic predictions and harsh criticisms with a more productive inner dialogue. They stay motivated to do their best by talking to themselves like a trusted friend or a helpful coach.
3) They Work Toward Established Goals
Mentally strong people establish clear personal and professional goals that give them meaning and purpose. They forgo immediate gratification by keeping their long-term goals in mind. They view obstacles as challenges, rather than roadblocks to their success.
4) They Reflect on Their Progress
Mentally strong people reflect on their progress toward their goals every day. They set aside time to examine what they’re doing well, and they humbly acknowledge areas that need improvement. They hold themselves accountable for mistakes and they constantly strive to grow better.
5) They Tolerate Discomfort for a Greater Purpose
While some people go to great lengths to avoid any type of distress, others endure pain simply to prove they’re tough. Mentally strong people, however, tolerate discomfort when it serves a greater purpose. Whether they’re exercising when they feel tired, or they’re delivering a speech when they feel terrified, they use their pain to become better.
6) They Practice Gratitude
You can’t be at your best if you’re insisting you deserve better. Mentally strong people acknowledge they already have everything they need. They recognize their good fortune and express gratitude for all things big and small.
7) They Balance Emotions with Logic
Mentally strong people know their feelings play a major role in their perceptions and their behavior. They pay close attention to the ways their emotions could influence their judgement. They carefully balance their emotions with logic so they can make the best possible decisions.
8) They Live According to their Values
Although it may be tempting to measure your self-worth by comparing yourself to your competition, mentally strong people don’t fall prey to such distractions. They focus on living according to their values and doing their best, despite their circumstances. At the end of the day they don’t ask themselves, “Did I beat everyone else?” Instead, they ask, “Did I stay true to my values?”
9) They don’t aspire to be happy all the time.
Excessive preoccupation with happiness can actually lead to an unhealthy attitude towards negative emotions and experiences. Mentally strong people don’t try to avoid negative emotions — rather, accepting both positive and negative emotions and letting different feelings coexist is a key component of resiliency.
Australian social researcher Hugh Mackay argues that our cultural obsession with happiness can be dangerous, and that instead of worrying about being happy, we should concern ourselves with being whole.
“The idea that everything we do is part of the pursuit of happiness seems to me a really dangerous idea and has led to a contemporary disease in Western society, which is fear of sadness,” Mackay writes in The Good Life. “Wholeness is what we ought to be striving for and part of that is sadness, disappointment, frustration, failure; all of those things which make us who we are. Happiness and victory and fulfillment are nice little things that also happen to us, but they don’t teach us much.”
10) They’re realistic optimists.
Mentally tough people make a habit of getting up after they fall. Instead of getting upset, feeling hopeless and giving up in the face of obstacles, they take the opportunity to put on their thinking caps and come up with a creative solution to the problem at hand. Mentally strong people tend to be realistic optimists — they have the hopefulness of optimists and the clarity of pessimists — which gives them both the motivation and the critical thinking required to come up with creative solutions.
“Every time [realistic optimists] face an issue or a challenge or a problem, they won’t say ‘I have no choice and this is the only thing I can do,’” researcher Sophia Chou said “They will be creative, they will have a plan A, plan B and plan C.”
In exchange for all the love and pleasure dogs give their families, they do require various kinds of care in return, many of them several times a day. But don’t be scared — these will quickly become part of your familiar routine, and the better you get at caring for your pooch, the more pleasure you’ll both derive from your relationship. In this article, we cover all the key aspects of dog-care,
Learn how to keep your dog safe, healthy and happy
It doesn’t take much to make your dog happy, and the rewards last a lifetime. Steve
In return, she counts on you to provide her with the basics, such as food, water, shelter, regular veterinary care, exercise, safety and companionship.
Take care of these 10 essentials, and you’ll be assured to have a rewarding and long-lasting relationship with your canine companion.
1. Identify your dog
External Identification: Outfit your dog with a collar and ID tag that includes your name, address and telephone number. No matter how careful you are, there’s a chance your companion may become lost—an ID tag greatly increases the chance that your pet will be returned home safely. The dog’s collar should not be tight; it should fit so two fingers can slip easily under his collar.
Microchip Identification: Have your dog microchipped by your veterinarian. Microchip ID will ensure that your dog will be returned to you if he is lost, even if his collar came off. When scanned by a veterinarian or animal shelter, your phone number, address and other vital information will appear, and you can be contacted.
2. Follow local laws for licensing your dog and vaccinating him for rabies
Check with your local animal shelter or humane society for information regarding legal requirements, where to obtain tags and where to have your pet vaccinated.
3. When you’re off your property, keep your dog on leash
Even a dog with a valid license, rabies tag and ID tag should not be allowed to roam outside of your home or fenced yard. It is best for you, your community and your dog to keep her on a leash and under your control at all times.
4. Give your dog companionship
A fenced yard with a doghouse is a bonus, especially for large and active dogs; however, dogs should never be left outside alone or for extended periods of time. Dogs need and crave companionship; they should spend most of their time with their family, not alone outside.
5. Take your dog to the veterinarian for regular check-ups
If you do not have a veterinarian, ask your local animal shelter or a pet-owning friend for a referral and check out our information on choosing a veterinarian. If you are having trouble paying for veterinary care, you may be able to employ creative options or find sources of assistance.
6. Spay or neuter your dog
Dogs who have this routine surgery tend to live longer, be healthier and have fewer behavior problems (e.g., biting or running away). By spaying or neutering your dog, you are also doing your part to reduce the problem of pet overpopulation. If you feel you can’t afford to have your pet spayed or neutered, we can help you find low-cost options.
7. Give your dog a nutritionally balanced diet and constant access to fresh water
Ask your veterinarian for advice on what and how often to feed your dog. Dietary requirements change as dogs get older, and a dog’s teeth need to be cleaned and monitored regularly to ensure she can eat properly. Also keep an eye out for pet-food recalls and foods and plants that can be toxic to you dog.
8. Enroll your dog in a training class
Positive training will allow you to control your companion’s behavior safely and humanely, and the experience offers a terrific opportunity to enhance the bond you share with your dog. Check out our information on choosing a dog trainer.
9. Give your dog enough exercise to keep him physically fit (but not exhausted)
Most dog owners find that playing with their canine companion, along with walking him twice a day, provides sufficient exercise. Walking benefits people as much as it benefits dogs, and the time spent together will improve your dog’s sense of well-being. If you have questions about the level of exercise appropriate for your dog, consult your veterinarian.
10. Be loyal to and patient with your faithful companion
Make sure the expectations you have of your dog are reasonable and remember that the vast majority of behavior problems can be solved. Remember, not all “behavior” problems are just that; many can be indicators of health problems. For example, a dog who is suddenly growling or snapping when you touch his ears may have an ear infection. If you are struggling with your pet’s behavior, contact your veterinarian or local animal shelter for advice, and check out our behavior tip sheets, too.
Women are tendentious in terms of what they wear, they always want to look gorgeous. Yesterday I gave some 15 tips on how to slay that gentleman looks, and today it’s in favor of the ladies. Men are mostly attracted to a ladies who look good. For the woman whose leadership role is a bit less stellar, but still in the spotlight, here is a short list of style tips that will help ensure your audience discusses your comments rather than your couture:
Here are 15 tips to help you stand out:
1. Go for balance between being attractive and powerful.
“To achieve a balance has a lot to do with the totality of clothes, grooming and attitude. The hair has to be shiny and vibrant, the makeup flawless and the clothes should be clean, well pressed and fit perfectly,” says Oppenheimer. Power is sexy – remember the late British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher who wore “power” as well as she wore her legendary pearls.
2. Be “fashionable,” but not “trendy.”
“Women in a leadership role should be classic and perfectly put together,” advises Oppenheimer. “Clean lines, perfect tailoring and exquisite fabric transcend time and trends.” In short, it’s worth spending a little money on your clothes – a point also made in another quote from Polonius’s advice to his Paris-bound son:
“Costly thy habit as thy purse can buy,
But not express’d in fancy; rich, not gaudy.”
3. Think color
“All shades of red, preferably a blue-red, and black convey leadership and power,” says Oppenheimer. “Avoid yellow, unless you want to look like a bird.” You should be able to blend colors, from head to toe your outfit should stand out, and a perfect way of doing this is to know which colors to wear to a particular place at a given time. We know black and white to be a universal color, what of red, blue, brown and the other colors. You wouldn’t like to look like a clown when you go out, so I suggest to find someone to help you thus if you need help and want to stand out
4. Adapt to your environment
including the casual chic of today’s start-ups. “If everybody wears jeans, find a pair of jeans you look good in, and make sure they fit well,” Oppenheimer suggests. “In many of these types of informal settings, jeans, tee-shirt and jacket – all very fashionable of course – can work very well. But white shirts, sweater sets, or a little dress are also sometimes appropriate. You can be casual chic and “in charge” without wearing a suit.”
5. Adapt “day-for-night” style.
You can indeed go from office to dinner with the right moves. “You start by refreshing your makeup, put on heels instead of flats, and change other accessories such as scarves and jewelry,” says Oppenheimer.
6. It’s about projecting YOU.
“It all depends on what fits best and projects an appropriate image that you will look and feel relaxed in,” says Oppenheimer. “The key is to remember that the woman wears the clothes, the clothes don’t wear the woman.”
And as Polonius reminded his Paris-bound son, projecting the right and true image does more than make you look good in the spotlight. It can make you a better leader overall:
“This above all: to thine ownself be true,
And it must follow, as the night the day,
Thou canst not then be false to any man.”
7. If You Find A gorgeous Look That Works, Stick With It:
Michael Kors has found his signature look of T-shirts and jeans with sunglasses, and it works for him. So if you find yourself in an outfit that you go-to day after day, why not make it your signature look?
8. Don’t Pretend It Fits:
We’ve all been there, standing in the dressing room and convincing ourselves that the button will magically stay closed when we get home (and then, of course, it doesn’t). These are the times where we have to accept that our bodies have changed in one way or another, and buy clothes that fit. Because you know what happens to the clothes that don’t fit
9. Pay Attention To Washing Labels:
Remember that time you threw two ‘delicate’ shirts in the washer and they came out the size of a Cabbage Patch Doll’s wardrobe? Yeah, oops. We can avoid that by following the instructions that they apply on our clothing to keeps them the size we started with.
10. If Your Weight Changes A Lot, Update Your Wardrobe:
This goes back to the point of not pretending things fit when they don’t. It’s important to make sure our clothing fits, and though it’s hard to admit that you’ve gained weight (trust us, we struggle with this) or when you’ve lost weight, you can ignore the fact and stick with the same baggy clothes. Either way, it’s kind of a fun reason to update your wardrobe.
11. Alter Your Clothing:
It’s important when you’re investing in articles of clothing that become staples, like blazers and pants, that you have them tailored. It will ensure your money is well-spent, will make the piece that much more special and will make you feel great every time you wear it. After all, it only fits you.
12. Resole Shoes That You Love:
If you have a pair of adored shoes you have worn straight into the ground, why not spend some money getting them fixed rather than finding another pair that will never be quite the same? Naturally, this is more important when you have spent more money on the shoes initially, rather than a cheap pair of flats from Forever 21 or something similar.
13. Watches Are Timeless:
Sometimes the thought of throwing on an arm party first thing in the morning can be intimidating, which is why watches are awesome. They are classic and can represent your personality. And if you invest in a good one, it could last you a lifetime.
14. Denim Is Your Best Friend:
A good pair of jeans can change everything. As can a denim button-up or denim jacket. It is the best staple to have hanging in your closet, making any outfit casual (in the best possible way). A perfect pair of skinny jeans can take any top and make it look awesome, an easy way to look pulled together in an instant.
15. Don’t Buy Trends That Don’t Suit Your Body Type:
There are trends that we say ‘I could never wear that’ because it’s too bold or daring, but there are also trends that we see and instantly know that they aren’t for our body type. No matter what people say about being able to pull anything off if you have confidence, if you see something and don’t think it will work for you, it probably won’t.
It’s true: Your genes play a big factor in your risk for disease, including high cholesterol. If your mom or dad has high cholesterol, then there’s a higher-than-average chance you will, too.
Thing is, it’s not just heredity that can cause high cholesterol. Several lifestyle factors also have a huge impact on your risk. The good news: You can change the choices you make. Here are four mistakes that put you at risk for high cholesterol:
A diet high in saturated fat—found in meats, butter, and dairy—ups your risk of high cholesterol, as does consuming a lot of foods high in cholesterol, such as beef and full-fat milk products. Eating too many trans fats in packaged baked goods will also raise your risk, though it’s becoming tougher to find them; in 2015, the FDA ordered food manufacturers to stop using trans fats within three years. Still, check food labels carefully and steer clear of any that still have “partially hydrogenated oil” listed as an ingredient. Stock up on these five foods that lower cholesterol naturally.
Having a body mass index (BMI) greater than 30 means you’re more likely to have lower levels of good cholesterol (HDL) and higher levels of bad cholesterol (LDL).
You don’t exercise
The more you move, the less likely you are to be overweight or obese—but that’s not the only way exercise affects cholesterol. Working out also boosts your levels of HDL cholesterol while increasing the size of LDL particles, which makes them less harmful.
You still smoke
If you haven’t quit smoking, what are you waiting for? Lighting up is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States. It’s the cause of 90% of all lung cancer deaths, and can even cause cancer in many other parts of the body. As if that weren’t enough reason to stop using cigarettes, here’s another: smoking lowers your levels of HDL cholesterol and damages blood vessel walls.
Viola Davis won the best supporting actress Oscar Sunday night for her performance in Denzel
“You know there’s one place where all the people with the greatest potential are gathered, and that’s the graveyard,” Davis began her acceptance speech with fervor. “People ask me all the time — What kind of stories do you want to tell? And I say, exhume those bodies. Exhume those stories.”
She continued, “I became an artist and thank God I did because we are the only profession that celebrates what it means to live a life.”
The actress then began a long list of thanks with August Wilson, (“… who exhumed and exalted the ordinary people”) and Washington (“O captain, my captain… Thank you for putting two entities in the driver’s seat — August and God. They served you well.”).
Voice cracking with emotion, Davis said
“You make me proud to be an artist , ” she told Streep , her co- star in “Doubt .” “You make me feel that what I have in me — my body , my face, my age — is enough . ”
At the Oscars , Davis also thanked her family , starting with her parents . “The people who taught me good or bad, how to fail, how to love, how to hold an award , how to lose : my parents, ” she said. ‘” I’ m so thankful that God chose you to bring me into this world. ” She also thanked her sisters and joked that she and her sister Deloris “were rich white women in the tea party games .”
Before thanking the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences , Davis thanked her husband and daughter . “You teach me every day how to live, how to love, ” she said . “I’ m so glad that you are the foundation of my life.”
With the award, she became the first black actor to win an Oscar, Emmy and Tony award. While Whoopi Goldberg also has an Oscar, Emmy, Tony and Grammy to her name, her prize on Broadway was won for producing the musical “Thoroughly Modern Millie.”
Davis’ win was perhaps the evening’s safest bet, as Davis had dominated the precursor circuit, winning 20-plus critical honors, the Screen Actors Guild prize, the Golden Globe, the Critics’ Choice award and the British Academy award as well.
After a surprising loss for her performance in “The Help” five years ago, a narrative of Davis being due had no doubt coalesced.
But Davis’s performance was powerful and deserving regardless. After all, she already won a Tony Award for the same role, albeit in the lead category. She in fact becomes the second person in history to win a Tony and an Oscar for the same role but in different categories. The first was “The King and I” star Yul Brynner.
Did you know buying more could make you generous and grateful?
Study reveals buying experiences make us more grateful, generous
The study found that thinking about a meaningful experiential purchase caused participants to behave more generously toward others than when they thought about a material purchase.
We feel more gratitude for what we have done than for what we posses – and that kind of gratitude results in more generous behaviour towards others, researchers including one of Indian-origin have found.
“Think about how you feel when you come home from buying something new. You might say, ‘this new couch is cool,’ but you are less likely to say ‘I am so grateful for that set of shelves’,” said Thomas Gilovich, professor at Cornell University in the US .
However, when you come home from a vacation, you are likely to say, ‘I feel so blessed I got to go’. People say positive things about the stuff they bought, but they do not usually express gratitude
for it – or they do not express it as often as they do for their experiences,” said Gilovich.
In addition to experiments they conducted, the researchers found real-world evidence for this by looking at 1,200 online customer reviews, half for experiential purchases like restaurant meals and hotel stays and half for material purchases like furniture and clothing.
Reviewers were more likely to spontaneously mention feeling grateful for experiential purchases than material ones.
Jesse Walker, a graduate student in psychology and first author of the study said another reason for this increased gratitude may be because experiences trigger fewer social comparisons than material possessions.
Consequently, experiences are more likely to foster a greater appreciation of one’s own circumstances. The researchers also looked at how gratitude for experiences versus material purchases affected pro-social behaviour.
In a study involving an economic game, they found that thinking about a meaningful experiential purchase caused participants to behave more generously toward others than when they thought about a material purchase.
This link between gratitude and altruistic behaviour is intriguing, “because it suggests that the benefits of experiential consumption apply not only to the consumers of those purchases themselves, but to others in their orbit as well,” said Gilovich.
He said that the new research shows an approach that governments can take to both increase the well-being of their citizens and advance societal good.
The team from University of Waterloo in Canada found that the privacy offered by personal computers and smartphones made women more comfortable exploring erotic material that they may have felt less comfortable accessing in more traditional ways. “We know from existing research that women are one of the fastest growing groups of people consuming online pornography and this study helps us understand some of the reasons they are doing so,” said Diana Parry, co-author of the study.
“Digital technology appears to have the ability to highlight women’s sexuality in a way that we haven’t seen before,” Parry added in a paper published in the journal Sexuality and Culture. The qualitative study involved in-depth discussions with a group of women across the spectrum of sexual identities who had consumed online erotic material.
Through the interviews, researchers found that pornography encouraged women to embrace their sexuality and that digital technology has helped them to connect with others to discuss issues related to their sexual interests. “It is clear that technology has enabled women to explore pornography on their own terms and to explore aspects of their sexuality that are new to them,” Parry said.
The research is part of a larger study conducted by Parry, Penny Light, professor at Thompson Rivers University, and Janet McKeown, who did her PhD at Waterloo, that explored how digital technology facilitates women’s consumption of explicit online material. “It’s important to understand that society still has a very traditional idea of women’s sexuality, with views that are typically more accepting of men’s needs and desires,” the researcher noted
A new study has found that as little as 10 minutes a day of high-intensity physical activity could help some children reduce their risk of developing heart problems and metabolic diseases such as diabetes.
The researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center found that replacing light-intensity physical activity with brief periods of vigorous exercise may provide significant cardiometabolic benefits in young people with relatively large waist measurements and elevated levels of insulin in their blood.
The study analyzed data from 11,588 young people ages 4 to 18 who were included in 11 International Children’s Accelerometry Database studies in the United States, Brazil and European countries. The researchers focused on those records that included the child’s age, gender, level of physical activity and at least one biomarker, a measurable indicator of a medical state or condition, of a cardiometabolic risk.
These included weight circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and bloodstream levels of HDL (“good”) cholesterol, LDL (“bad”) cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose and insulin.
In evaluating the relationships between the biomarkers and vigorous physical activity while controlling for various factors (including age, gender, duration and level of exercise and sedentary time) the researchers found only 32 significant associations out of a possible 360. All 32 were related to reduced waist circumference and insulin levels. The relationships between high-intensity exercise and the other biomarkers were inconsistent.
“The results suggest that substituting modest amounts of vigorous physical activity for longer-duration light exercise may have cardiometabolic benefits above and beyond those conveyed by moderate activity and the avoidance of sedentary behavior,” said lead author Justin B. Moore. “But as vigorous activity was independently associated with only two of the markers examined, it may be that its truly meaningful benefits may be limited, relative to less-intense exercise.”
Moore suggests that further studies incorporating additional variables, such as dietary and genetic data, are needed to better establish the relationships between various levels of exercise and cardiometabolic biomarkers in young people. “If such studies provide robust results,” he said, “a relatively brief but intense dose of physical activity, perhaps as little as 10 minutes day, which is certainly feasible for most youth, could turn out to be part of a ‘prescription’ for children to achieve or maintain cardiac and metabolic health.”
The study is published in the journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.
Since yesterday was mothers day, I decided to write a post for mothers
Motherhood, as most women would agree, is regarded as one of the most beautiful and poignant moments in a woman’s life. We have read countless women gushing over their experience of ushering in another life into the world, and have heard numerous women referring to this experience as life-altering. The feeling of bringing another individual into this world, who owe their existence completely to you, is perhaps, legitimately, precious.
The image of a mother, blissfully happy in motherhood and playing with her child, has been one that we have grown up watching, and one that validates what we feel about the experience. This, however, is the popular narrative– one that advertisement campaigns play on, and popular television series depict. This experience seems easy to comprehend and fathom.
The alternative to such a reality is starkly different, and evidently less rosy. Postpartum depression, or clinical depression a woman undergoes after giving birth to a child, is a rampant phenomenon.
I just had a baby. Why do I feel so down?
If you’re a brand-new mom who expected to be full of joy at this point, it can be upsetting and confusing when you’re actually feeling the opposite. Rest assured, you’re not alone: Anywhere from 40 to 80 percent of new mothers experience the baby blues – an emotional state of tearfulness, unhappiness, worry, self-doubt, and fatigue. The baby blues typically begin a few days after delivery and go away on their own within a week or two.
However, if your feelings seem unusually intense and have lasted longer than two weeks straight, you may be wondering whether you have a more serious condition. It may come as a surprise, but you could have postpartum depression (PPD).
What is postpartum depression?
Sometimes it can be hard to tell the difference between clinical depression and the normal stress and exhaustion of new parenthood. But if your feelings of sadness or despair are so powerful that they prevent you from being able to do your daily tasks – such as caring for yourself and others – you could have PPD.
About 10 percent of new mothers develop PPD, but some experts believe the number is even higher because many women don’t seek treatment. If you’re struggling, see your healthcare provider right away for a mental health screening.
According to the American Psychiatric Association, postpartum depression can begin in the weeks after pregnancy or even before. (About half of women with PPD have symptoms during pregnancy.)
If your provider thinks you have depression any time after you give birth, she may refer you to a counselor and prescribe uantidepressant medication, if necessary, or refer you to a psychiatrist for treatment. Whether you’re diagnosed with depression before, during, or after pregnancy, getting treatment is important.
What are the symptoms of postpartum depression?
The symptoms of PPD and depression that occurs before or during pregnancy are the same. You could have PPD if you experience five or more of the following symptoms almost every day, for most of the day, for at least two consecutive weeks:
Extreme sadness, emptiness, or hopelessness
Crying all the time
Loss of interest or lack of enjoyment in your usual activities and hobbies
Trouble falling sleep at night, or trouble staying awake during the day
Loss of appetite or eating too much, or unintentional weight loss or weight gain
Overwhelming feelings of worthlessness or overpowering guilt
Restlessness or sluggishness
Difficulty concentrating or making decisions
Feeling that life isn’t worth living
Other possible signs you might be depressed include:
Being irritable or angry
Avoiding friends and family
Worrying excessively about your baby
Being uninterested in your baby, or unable to care for her
Feeling so exhausted that you’re unable to get out of bed for hours
In rare cases, some women with PPD experience delusional thoughts or hallucinations and may harm their baby.
Note: If you have thoughts about hurting yourself or your baby, this is an urgent health matter. Contact your provider immediately.
What causes depression after childbirth?
PPD results from a combination of hormonal, environmental, emotional, and genetic factors that are beyond your control. Some women might feel somehow responsible for having PPD, but depression doesn’t happen because of something you did or didn’t do.
You may also be more likely to have PPD if you had depression or anxiety during pregnancy, or if you had the baby blues after delivery. Other factors that contribute to the development of PPD include the physical exhaustion after giving birth, the emotional adjustment of becoming a parent, and sleep deprivation.
What’s the difference between PPD and depression?
One difference is the timing: Depression is called PPD when it occurs during the period after childbirth. And unlike depression that’s not related to pregnancy, PPD is linked to the unique hormonal changes that occur after childbirth. Researchers think that sudden changes in hormone levels after delivering a baby can trigger depression in women who are more sensitive to shifts in estrogen and progesterone.
Am I at risk for postpartum depression?
Some women are at higher risk for PPD. The strongest predictors of postpartum depression are:
Depression or anxiety during pregnancy
Stressful life events during pregnancy or soon after giving birth
Traumatic childbirth experience
A baby needing neonatal intensive care
Lack of social support
Previous history of depression
Other risk factors include:
Baby blues after delivery
Unplanned or unwanted pregnancy
A baby with birth defects or other medical problems
Multiple babies (such as twins or triplets)
Family history of psychiatric problems
Low socioeconomic status or financial instability
Many medical appointments during pregnancy
Pregestational or gestational diabetes
Remember that these risk factors don’t actually cause PPD. Many women with multiple risk factors never experience clinical depression or anxiety, while others with just one risk factor (or even none) can end up with a diagnosis of PPD.
How is postpartum depression treated?
The treatment for PPD is the same as the treatment for depression that happens before or during pregnancy. If you have mild symptoms, your provider may recommend watchful waiting with regular check-ins. If your symptoms are more severe, your provider may recommend talk therapy, antidepressant medication, or both.
Talk therapy, also called counseling or psychotherapy, can be one-on-one with your therapist or in a group setting with other women going through a similar experience. In family or couples therapy, a therapist works with you and your partner or relatives.
Antidepressants balance the brain chemicals that regulate your mood. Talk with your provider about the different types of antidepressants – some are combined for best results. You’ll probably start to feel better after taking the medicine for three or four weeks.
Antidepressants can cause side effects, but most will resolve after a short time. If you experience side effects that interfere with your daily life, or if your depression gets worse, let your provider know right away.
Some women have very severe PPD that doesn’t respond to talk therapy or medication. In this case, a healthcare provider may suggest electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). In this treatment, small electrical currents are passed through the brain while the patient is under general anesthesia. Experts believe this electrical stimulation causes chemical changes in the brain that relieve depression symptoms.
Is it safe to take antidepressants while breastfeeding?
It is generally considered safe to take antidepressants while nursing. The medication does pass to your baby through breast milk, but the levels are very low.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are considered the safest option and are frequently prescribed to breastfeeding women with depression. Other drugs for depression also appear to be safe, including serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) and most tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs).
According to a few studies, the breastfed babies of moms who take antidepressants might be slightly more irritable or have some difficulty feeding or sleeping. However, the babies of moms with untreated depression can also have these same problems.
If you’re wondering whether changes in your baby’s eating, sleeping, or behavior might be caused by your medication, talk to your provider. (Continue taking your medication unless your provider tells you to stop.)
For details on specific medications, see our drug safety during breastfeeding chart.
Why is it important to seek treatment?
Untreated depression can be lonely, confusing, and even scary if your condition gets worse. The good news is that it’s very treatable, so you don’t have to feel this way.
Treatment provides the support you need to keep you from slipping into a deep depression that’s harder to get out of. Also, having a therapist and health care provider who understand your condition can help you feel less alone. And feeling better means you can bond more easily with your baby and be able to take better care of her.
If your provider has recommended watchful waiting, it’s important to continue seeing her for regular appointments while you’re experiencing symptoms, so you can begin talk therapy or medication if you start to feel worse.
What is postpartum anxiety?
Many women with PPD feel worried or anxious, but if you have persistent feelings of intense worry or panic that cause severe distress and keep you from doing your daily activities, you might have an anxiety disorder. Recent research has shown that 8.5 percent of postpartum moms have clinical anxiety.
Common fears include uncontrollable worry about sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) or fear that your baby will be taken away from you. You might worry excessively about being criticized for your parenting skills or about not having the support of friends and family. You may also feel intensely self-conscious about your postpartum body and fear being intimate with your partner. An anxiety disorder can also affect your physical health. For example, you might experience muscle tension or have trouble sleeping.
Treatment is available for postpartum anxiety disorders, so let your provider know right away if you have any feelings of overwhelming worry or panic.
How do I cope with postpartum depression?
In addition to getting professional help, here are some ways to take care of yourself when you’re dealing with PPD:
Be good to yourself
Make sure your own basic needs are met: Try to sleep and eat well, and do your best not to feel guilty. Having PPD doesn’t mean you’re a bad mother or don’t love your child. After you begin treatment, these feelings of guilt and despair should start to fade.
Don’t demand too much of yourself
If you have clinical depression or anxiety, it can be hard enough just to get out of bed and face the day. Be gentle with yourself, and take things one at a time.
Ask for support
Part of being a good mother is knowing when to ask for help, so don’t be afraid to ask for it during this difficult time. Let your partner know about different ways to help, whether it’s taking care of the baby, handling chores, or going with you to doctor appointments. Relatives or close friends may be able to help as well.
Share your feelings
Keep the lines of communication open with your partner and talk about what’s going on. Call a sympathetic friend. Join a mothers’ group or a PPD support group, or chat with moms about postpartum depression in the BabyCenter Community. You may be surprised by how many women are experiencing similar feelings.
Taking care of your physical self can sometimes help you feel better inside. Have your partner or a friend watch your baby so you can take a shower or a relaxing bath. Put on makeup if you usually wear it. Go on a shopping trip just for yourself and buy something new for your post-baby wardrobe. Wear a favorite outfit on especially difficult days to give yourself a boost.
Get some rest
The rigors of caring for a newborn 24/7 can leave you exhausted. Unfortunately, moms with postpartum mood conditions often can’t sleep when they want to. But it’s still important to take breaks to rest, even if you just read a magazine or watch TV. Taking 10-minute naps is helpful too. Consider hiring a postpartum doula or a sitter experienced with newborns, or asking a relative or friend to watch your baby for an hour or so each day.
Note: Always put your baby on a safe sleep surface (such as his crib or bassinet) before you settle down to rest. Nodding off with your baby in your arms while on a couch or adult bed is a risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome and other types of sleep-related injuries and deaths.
Put your baby in a stroller and take a walk around the block, or meet a friend at a nearby café. The fresh air, sunshine, and conversation will do you and your baby a world of good. If even a brief excursion is too much for you right now, then just go outside, close your eyes and take a deep breath, or sit in the sunshine for a few minutes.
Resist the temptation to do the laundry or other chores while your baby sleeps – the housework can wait. Have food delivered, or ask your partner to pick up takeout on the way home. Resist the urge to check your email or phone, and relax with a book and a cup of chamomile tea instead. If you’re on maternity leave, don’t stress about all the work waiting for you at the office – you’ll get back on track soon enough
“Out of suffering have emerged the strongest souls; the most massive characters are seared with scars.”― Kahlil Gibran. Irrespective of the size of the scar, there are many who prefer to cover or hide their scars instead of letting them be. This is more due to the social stigma and the negative visual appeal attached to it. However, what many forget is the fact that each scar, no matter how big or small, is far more than just a mark on their skin. Each abrasion has a deeper and emotional story to it. To break the imagery around scars and empower people, a 24-year-old fashion and portrait photographer Sophie Mayanne has come up with a project ‘Behind The Scars’. The pictures feature individuals with scars and the story behind them. It is both enthralling and empowering to know the journey of their scars. Here are 10 powerful pictures that will inspire many. (Source: Sophiemayanne/Instagram)
2 / 11
“I played with a hand gun at age 14 and it gave me a lifetime in a wheelchair.But despite what you might think, I’ve never found a reason to be victimised by my condition. My spiritual and physical scars made me grow stronger, empowered. I wanted to be a tennis player, so I became a tennis player. I wanted to be a model, and guess what… I am a model. As a model of diversity, I work in the fashion industry representing people that have limitations but are not limited. They love, they fight, they win, they lose. They are real and my story helps them to see how beautiful and meaningful they are. All scars included.” (Source: Sophiemayanne/Instagram)
3 / 11
“I started self harming when I was 13 and have struggled with it ever since. The issue with self harming is it gets progressively worse and you end up doing more and more damage to yourself than you think is possible when you first start. It truly is an addiction and you get to a point where surgeons tell you that plastic surgery can’t fix the appearance of the scars, so the only thing you can do is love your scars so much that all the negative connections that come along with self harm slowly disappear – along with all the pain attached to the scars. My scars tell my story, and I’m never going to let anyone else’s thoughts or opinions change that.” (Source: Sophiemayanne/Instagram)
4 / 11
“Today I am a little angry at the world. I’m angry that it’s been 2 years and 2 days and I still don’t feel complete. I have been cut up and then stitched and stapled, but today I don’t feel whole. I’m angry that my memories and dreams of what happened blend together with the present. It’s 2 years and 2 days and today I don’t feel okay. But I will.” (Source: Sophiemayanne/Instagram)
5 / 11
“When I was young, I pulled a cup of hot boiling tea off the counter. As a result, it burnt my left shoulder down to my left breast and stomach. My scar has been with me since I was 11 months old – it is all I know, I don’t even remember my body without a scar. I have my confident days where I say “It’s just a scar”. I’m sure everyone has a scar. I’ve definitely had my bad days, but only when I meet a new face and they stare at it in disgust. It makes me think OMG is there something on my body? And then I remember “the burn” lol. I wear this scar because it is a part of me. It’s just a scar.” (Source: Sophiemayanne/Instagram)
6 / 11
“When I was 14 I rescued a stray horse called Fly, and I fell in love with him immediately. One morning, I was feeding the horses in the field (just like every other morning). Fly tried to kick another horse behind him, but missed and kicked me in the face, just below my left temple. At first I was shocked, I was young and alone in a field and covered in blood. However after a few trips to the hospital the scar is just a part of my face. Now it’s been 4 years since I was kicked, the scar has created an adhesion to my cheek bone which is why is is noticeable. Although being faced with an opportunity to remove the scar, I never would. I don’t think beauty has to be symmetrical!” (Source: Sophiemayanne/Instagram)
7 / 11
“In 1997 at the age of 7 i survived a gas explosion. I have undergone 27 reconstructive surgeries. I have always been comfortable with my scars, to me they are beautiful and they tell you different stories. They are special.” (Source: Sophiemayanne/Instagram)
8 / 11
“My name’s Tracey. I’m a 45 year old mother of two. In 2012, my GP diagnosed me with a common cold which drastically got worse. I was given cold medication which made me feel awful. I called 999 and someone came out to see me. They said everything was fine. Everything was fine for 40 minutes or so. I asked my daughter to make dinner, and then I went upstairs to lay down – and didn’t wake up. My daughter called 999 and her and my friend Chyle got in an ambulance to Kings College Hospital. When I awoke, I was confused. I did not recognise my daughter or friend. They ran a CT scan and found out I had two types of meningitis. I was put in an induced coma for a month. When I was awoken, I could not speak. My daughter came to see me daily – I could hear her but couldn’t reply which annoyed me. I later found they’d put feeding tubes down my throat – I was told that I kept trying to pull all of the tubes out. I was kept in intensive care for a further two months before having a heart attack. Whilst I had my heart attack, Doctors found a growth on my heart valve and a whole in my heart. They replaced my valve with a titanium one – which ticks like a little clock. After the operation they moved me back to the ICU, but this time I was in an isolated room because of the meningitis and recovery. After a month I was given a tracheostomy which allowed me to talk and communicate with Doctors, nurses and my family. For a while, I couldn’t speak properly and could only manage basic communication and small talk. I found it hard to understand others, but tried through one word answers. In April I was moved to Lewisham hospital’s neuro ward where the Doctors taught me the basics of counting, talking, walking, eating, drinking, washing and dressing. For the first month I could not walk properly so I was given a wheelchair – and then a zimmer frame to walk around the ward called “Frank Cooksey”. The cooks on the ward kept feeding me as I was a size 2-4 at the time – after weeks of walking around the ward, they let me walk around the hospital with family, friends and hospital staff.” (Source: Sophiemayanne/Instagram)
9 / 11
“My scars are from a fire related to domestic abuse. I got burnt at the age of 29, and it’s been a difficult journey coming to terms with it. The comfort I take from my scars is they make me who I am today. I call them my most precious, and expensive piece of jewellery I own. I have survived and if having my picture taken, and exposing my scars can help anyone else then that’s good for me!.” (Source: Sophiemayanne/Instagram)
10 / 11
The last few months have been extremely challenging as the condition of my skin as deteriorated massively. From 18 months old when I was diagnosed with epidermolysis bullosa to earlier this year I was able to live an almost normal life despite my skin, it was easy to hide and easy to manage. But earlier this year it started getting rapidly worse and I am now able to do less of the things I once could. My confidence and self esteem is almost non existent most of the time. So much of my day is spent managing my skin or being in pain from it. But now more than ever I need to remind myself that I am still the same old me. I am still beautiful and this condition that I will be lumbered with for the rest of my life, does not define me as a person. It will always be a huge part of my life but i will never let me take over my life. EB is so rare that there is so little awareness for it and in a lot of cases it is life threatening so I’m posting this not only for me but for everyone suffering. Because of the lack of awareness, the funding towards trials and research is so limited that I probably will never access to a cure, as much as that upsets me, I just hope that future children will get access to more treatment and a possible cure. If anyone cares enough to find out more about EB, google search “Debra eb”. (Source: Sophiemayanne/Instagram)
11 / 11
“I was born without both radius. When I was one I had my first surgery on my right hand. One year later doctors decided to operate on my left hand. Two different doctors operated on my hands. The first operation went well. During the second operation, there were some complications. Doctors didn’t know that bones in my left hand are different from the ones in my right hand. When I was 15, I noticed that there was something wrong with my left wrist. I had to have surgery once again. This disease is called hemimelia, and a case like mine happens for 1 in 100,000 people. I always had a big problem with my scars – I couldn’t accept myself because of them and other people also had a problem with my scars. Now I think that this is who I am. Finally I can feel that I don’t have to hide it, because this is the real me.” (Source: Sophiemayanne/Instagram)