Ever wondered the roots of plagiarism

War against plagiarism (WAP)

Greetings, beloved readers.

The previous writeup must have shed a light on the concept of plagiarism, at least to a considerable extent. However, this writeup will definitely be a continual eye opener as to the little things we do that breeds plagiarism.
A slogan is common in the new age schools “eni to mo way, lo mo iwe” which literally implies “he who knows the way, knows the book”. This strategically pinpoints that ingenuity and effervescent burning of candles won’t determine a student’s success in exams. Permit me to call a spade by its name – examination malpractice.

At the last page of a WASSCE question paper is inscribed :
“Examination malpractice is corruption !!! Do not engage in it”.

Stop plagiarism

A-make-believe impression is created by different examination centres during this period.“Don’t bring in phones or gadgets, don’t bring in key points, textbooks, notepads…whatever seems implicative”. But a thousand naira is enough to pass an examination without reading, it is not bribe. It is kola nut.
But where am I really headed ? Evil is evil, irrespective of the methods used. It won’t be surprising when an assumed 200 level student plagiarises a poem for his school project and still stands by it. Why ? Isn’t that the brunt of a dilapidated educational sector ?
Name withheld, someone has plagiarised my poem and offered me two thousand naira. The look was killing enough, does it seems like I wanna make fast money from my writings ? Then, these plagiarists don’t really know the gravity of their atrocities.
All forms of writings are weapons, it would be annoying if we fall a victim of what we preach. It might seem weird but I sure know some writers pardon the plagiarists of their works in the name of a measly money, thereby creating an impression that writers (basically poets) are poverty stricken and hungry. If I pardon a plagiarist, it would be because he took down the post or tendered an apology letter. No money, I repeat, no money can trade off my works. We wanna make money from poetry but that shouldn’t bedevil our sense of reasoning. And this is exactly what happens during external examinations.
Teachers are paid meagre, they can’t wait till they get to heaven for their reward. Some might just find themselves in Hades, you know. So they want to make money from teaching and they believe the best thing is to apply what they need to give the students what is required. Relatively, the writer want to apply what he seeks to give the plagiarist what he wants. Are we killing or breeding plagiarism ? Freelancing is another thing entirely, don’t get it mixed up.

Help prevent plagiarisms

The little things we do really count. That examination malpractice might just be a parent background for plagiarism. The sooner you know, the better.

Till the quill bleeds again.
Convener, War Against Plagiarism.

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SRAF International
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Hello People out there. Am Martin Donaldson Daisy from Music Arena Gh. Music Arena Gh  is out with a new segment which we think is another way to let the world know more about our Uprising Artistes from Ghana and in another way to help Fans and Families  of these artistes to know them better and increase interaction between them.

Today I have with me in the studios One of Ghana’s Fast rising Artiste of our time. I call him ‘THE PRINCE OF HIGHLIFE’ because to me, He is Legend and should be celebrated. He is the hit maker of TRUE LOVE, POWER BOY, N’ADOM, MY BROTHER MY ENEMY, and many more. I would like you to have a feel of these songs by downloading them below;

  1. TRUE LOVE [Download]
  2. POWER BOY [Download]
  3. NEA OBRE N’ODIE [Download]
    MY BROTHER,MY ENEMY [Download]

SIKA PELLI is what he is popularly called in the music industry. Lol……. I don’t know how his folks call him though’……


MARTIN: Great having you with me

Sika Pelli Gh: Thank you Big Boy making it Big also…

MARTIN: Loool……Thanks.For me I know you to be Sika Pelli.  Who at all is Sika Pelli???

Sika Pelli Gh: Sika Pelli is a Ghanaian Afro Hilife Artiste. Real name is Psalmuel Quabena Ampadu Jr

MARTIN: Wow nice name you have….. Ampadu like the high life legend. No wonder you are good at it. Lol. How did you come by that name if I may ask??

Sika Pelli Gh: Anwomtofour Hene [Nana Ampadu] as his fans calls him is my Uncle. We all from Obo Kwahu [Eastern Region – GHANA ]. I was named After him

MARTIN: Wow…. Nice. So it’s like a family name??

Sika Pelli Gh: Yes Family name Martin

MARTIN: Oh okkk…. Why the name Sika Pelli then.  You could have used your real name. Why Sika Pelli???

Sika Pelli Gh: Yes I have all the rights to use my family name but when a beef comes up, people will use that to insult my family as a whole. So I decided to hide my family from my job and do my thing. Sika is also my maiden name. But Pelli is a nicky which means Wonderful.

MARTIN: Hahahahahahahahahh….. Are talking about beef because of the once we recently had or the on going beef between two mainstream artistes. Hehehe.

Sika Pelli Gh: Yes buddy! It may happen to me one way or the other nti ma y3 study [So I don’t want to joke with it] hehe.

MARTIN: Looooool. That very smart move there. Hahaha. Where were you born and where do you come from??

Sika Pelli Gh: I was born in Liberia Monrovia. Came to Ghana when I was 10 years. But am from Obo Kwahu [Eastern Part Of Ghana] But Mum is the from Danteng means I am An Ashanti Boy [Asante Nii].

MARTIN: Kai. Asu!!  Asante nii Abrante3[Asante Man]. I love that. Am actually an asante boy too.

Sika Pelli Gh: Number 1……… hehehe

MARTIN: Hehahahaha. Any educational background????

Sika Pelli Gh: Yes Boss! I attended Red Cross [Liberia] Kindergarten and then continued to Opinamang Primary School [Nkawkaw – Ghana]. I furthered unto Obo RC Preparatory School

(JHS) Obo then Nkawkaw Secondary School and finally Ashasi University Computer Science.

MARTIN: Really so you are a computer scientist???  How does it feel.What at all do you guys do??

Sika Pelli Gh: Very proud of it cos I love computers and computers always loves it when i touch them.

MARTIN: Wow. Amazing. You know I wanted to work in that field

Sika Pelli Gh: I repair computers, i teach I.C.T, I also do networking, etc. I use the computer for lot of things,I cant mention all. I’m even using it to play beat at home koraa hahaha.


MARTIN: Hahahahahahahahaha. Wow!! Spectacular.How did you get into the music business and for how long has it been??

Sika Pelli Gh: I got into the game when i was 6 years. I starting singing and playing drums using my hands on table tops hahahaha… When i got to age 10, i realised i couldn’t hold it on again… When am even on the street and i hear the radio playing any favorite song, i will stand there and sing it all word to word before i leave that center otherwise i will never walk on.

I quite remember when i heard my favorite song playing at one CD shops at Kumasi. I crossed the road faster even than the gods …..haha……all because i dont wanna loose that song without singing it. I was nearly knocked down by a car but it was all good. At the age of 15, i met Kesse Babe [another talented singer] at SSS [Nkawkaw Sec Sch] and mehn, there was when our talents unleashed. We rocked, plays and did even learn music together. That was how it all started.


MARTIN: Wow… Wow… Wow…. You almost got yourself killed just because of music. Hahahaha.

Sika Pelli Gh: That’s it buddy

MARTIN: Hahahaha.Thats very serious.What gener of music do you do??

Sika Pelli Gh: I’m all round Musician. I ride in every beat from Highlife to Afro Pop to Raggae to Dancehall to Hiplife to Zumbie just name them but “HIGHLIFE” is my true calling….. I was called by God to do Hilife for the broken hearted, I put salt and Sugar in peoples relationship through music. I am a Doctor yeah a Doctor cos i have been repairing some broken hearts through my crafts

MARTIN: Am speechless…. Was that a manifesto??  Amazing piece. It’s like am listening to poetry. Bro you are talented

Sika Pelli Gh: Hahahaha u made me Boss

MARTIN: Hahahaha. What are some of the challenges you face??

Sika Pelli Gh: Hmmmmm..  I think i will make it one statement. I need Listeners to listen to me when am singing period. A management team to sign will not be bad at all to promote my crafts.

MARTIN: What inspires you, how do u get your lyrics??

Sika Pelli Gh: Inspiration? Got it from life!,The way life treats me is the true reflection of my lyrics and music

MARTIN: OK… Good.  So it’s like how the life goes is how you get your lyrics??

Sika Pelli Gh: When love hits me well, i sing about it. When love fails me, i sing about it. When i dont have money, i sing about it.. Etc

MARTIN: What if a stone hits you??

Sika Pelli Gh: Hahahahah then that going to be Reggae then… Stone, Stone, Stone………hahaha

MARTIN: Hahahahahahahaha. How many artists have you worked with so far??

Sika Pelli Gh: Aaiisshh what a question… I will say a lot approximately 10

MARTIN: Loool…… 10??

Sika Pelli Gh: Yes man hahaha

MARTIN: That good… I hope there are more on the way

Sika Pelli Gh: Yes… Working with Amerado on a joint dubbed ‘U BORE ME’. Ghana should watch out for it. Afropop

MARTIN: Nice. Nice move. Can’t wait for that track myself. What do you want to achieve with your music??

Sika Pelli Gh: Soo dope trusts me hehe. I wanna rock the world like what MJ did b4 he died. Want my name to be every corner of the world.

MARTIN: Loool… That’s a great ambition. So who’s your favorite artiste??

Sika Pelli Gh: Favorite Artiste is DL [Daddy Lumba] locally. Internationally, R. Kelly, Usher & Chris Brown


MARTIN: Nice, nice what of the rest.. Heahaha

Sika Pelli Gh: Most of them are doing very well but i think if “delivery” than any other thing. I love the way they twist and turn on a beat

MARTIN: Lol….. Nice

MARTIN: Our time is far spent. Hahahahh…..What do you have to say to the new ones in the game

Sika Pelli Gh: They should look at and help we those who got the cross on our neck. Because we can’t light brighter without them. Especialy the Highlife Artistes Ghana should help bring us to the mainstream because they always say Highlife is dying but i tell you. Christ isn’t died so is Highlife because i am the Highlifa.

MARTIN: Hahahh……You always dropping deep lines as highlife artiste. You should rap oooo. In fact I learnt you rapped on one of your songs. How true is that??

Sika Pelli Gh: Oh yeah… But hey that was a try hehehe… I love hooking up with Dope Rappers for the rap gaps.

MARTIN: Hehehehehehe….. All right Sika Pelli we’ve come a long way to the end of today’s session. Your last words to your fans

Sika Pelli Gh: One of the best feelings one can have is the feeling that some people who have never met you in person have your back. I have experienced love from unimaginable people; Ghana, Liberia, Paris, UK, USA, London and all over the world. Some met me crying, gave me gifts, took pictures, asked questions, and some, not so pleasant. But in all of these, I have no complaint because being where I am is a gift and privilege by God. I am grateful to God, my friends & fans, and stakeholders in the industry who love me just the way I am. I want to take this time to say thank you to everyone who made the journey of 2016 easier despite the attendant challenges. I plan and hope that 2017 will be different from previous years. The jobs I will do will be slightly different from that of the past. I will take up more challenges. As always I am grateful. I wish you the best this year has to offer.

MARTIN: It’s Sika Pelli!!! Herh!!!!

Sika Pelli Gh: Hahahaha IRep80s

MARTIN: But wait ooo…. Say something little about Afrique Eye Records

Sika Pelli Gh: Afrique Eye Records is my record label. And with time, i will be signing some dope Rappers and Singer to grow the Record Label with them smoothly.

MARTIN: That’s I nice initiative. I wouldn’t have allowed you off if you hadn’t said anything about that.


MARTIN: Social media handles???

Sika Pelli Gh:

Facebook Page: Sika Pelli DHighlifa

Twitter: @SikaPelliGh

IG: @SikaPelliOfficial

WhatApp: 0249602650

MARTIN: Thanks for your time Bro.  It was nice having you with me

Sika Pelli Gh: I see that Small Boy Superstar

MARTIN: LOOOOL……. Thank you

Sika Pelli Gh: My pleasure. Thanks very much


The Roots of plagiarism

War against plagiarism (WAP)

Culled from Arcus Dictionary, plagiarism: a piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work. However, the natural philosophy teaches that being able to present the concept of a term in your own words, as it freely flows from the mind is near to the truth, if not the truth.

My years in creative writing has made me come to understand that plagiarism is an act by which undue credits are taken upon another’s creative outpour, mostly without consent and omission of reference to the original creator. A plagiarist can then be said to be a new age Antonio (in the words of Shakespeare’s Tempest).
While I was undergoing Basic education then in a private setting, I incurred antagonism from peers and some teachers, as well. This was due to the fact that I believe in what can be crafted by the ten fingers and not what can be dubbed by two eyes. Dubbing is an act, which has eaten deep into the pupils and students likewise (word for word;verbatim). If however we understand the implication of this act nurtured from tender age, we would get to know that it is a parent background for plagiarism.
A child dub his classmate’s work, simply because he was indolent to work on the assignment given or couldn’t stretch out of his comfort zone to scribble something out. He however has high hopes that his brilliant classmate would allow him to dub the answers before morning assembly on Monday. We feel this has no implications but it goes a long way in creating an unnecessary dependency, an addiction to the sweat of others hence creating stagnancy for the latter.
I remembered a fracas I got into while undergoing my basic education in Oloye Group Of School. My class teacher had made it seemingly compulsory to allow a fellow classmate to dub from an assignment I worked on for weeks. This got me really angered and unsatisfied, my (ego) as people might tag it arose when she had to flog me for being obstinate. Under no given permission, I left the class and despite all pleas, I refused to access the class again. Being a topnotch pupil then, it was definitely a great loss to have me withdraw and this was one of the factors by which I became a pupil of Sunfab Group of School but that is a story for another day. The point has been made.
On normal days, I commune with fellow classmates who are like minds. We do some school works together and task one another on projects. This was not infuriating because a tree cannot make a forest but dead seeds around the great mahogany won’t make a farm sef. I move with like minds, I relate ideas to people who I believe aren’t totally dull academically (forgive me, if this sounds harsh).
People tag me as a patient of self centeredness, undue ego and someone who has been infected with the I-TOO-KNOW syndrome. It will however be shocking to know that someone in this light will some days scribble some lines and when it is plagiarised, he cries out. What is he protecting ? His work ? His pride ? His image ?
The little things we do really count. Charity begins at home, they say. School is home as well and whatever have been created in the mindset of a young child lives for long. It is necessary to create an independent spirit and the system of belief in one self, hence killing the monstrous demon tagged inferiority complex.
When next you see a child dubbing another work, try to stop him not by violence but by enlightenment. If not, that same boy might someday plagiarise a random work on Facebook in the name of “I love it” and the fierce WAP would make sure his name gets in the mud. Examination malpractice breeds plagiarism likewise.

Till the quill bleeds again.
Convener, War Against Plagiarism.

Proudly Supported by :
Poets in Nigeria (PIN)
Horn of Afroclassical Poet
SRAF International
SWAAP Awards
The Voice
My Voice
Precious Pen Blog
Writing to Writers (W2W)
Ardent Writers
The Bleeding Pen.

Ovulation – phases and how it can be detected


What Is Ovulation?

Ovulation is one part of the female menstrual cycle whereby a mature ovarian follicle (part of the ovary) discharges an egg (also known as an ovum, oocyte, or female gamete). It is during this process that the egg travels down the fallopian tube where it may be met by a sperm and become fertilized.


Ovulation is controlled by a part of the brain called the hypothalamus, which sends signals that instruct the anterior lobe and pituitary gland to secrete luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH).


The process usually occurs between the 10th and 19th day into the menstrual cycle, and this is the time where humans are most fertile.



What are the phases of ovulation?

The entire ovulation phase is defined by a period of elevated hormones during the menstrual cycle. The process itself can be informally divided into three phases:


Periovulatory (follicular phase):

a layer of cells around the ovum begins to mucify (become more mucous-like) and expand, and the uterus lining begins to thicken.


Ovulatory (ovulation phase):

enzymes are secreted and form a hole (or stigma) that the ovum and its network of cells use to exit the follicle and eventually enter the fallopian tube. This is the period of fertility and usually lasts from 24 to 48 hours.


Postovulatory (luteal phase):

a hormone called LH or luteinizing hormone is secreted. A fertilized egg will be implanted into the womb, while an unfertilized egg slowly stops producing hormones. In addition, the lining of the uterus begins to break down and prepares to exit the body during menses.


When does ovulation occur?

A woman’s menstrual cycle lasts between 28 and 32 days on average. The beginning of each cycle is considered to be the first day of her menstrual period (menses). Ovulation itself generally occurs between day 10 and day 19 of the menstrual cycle, or 12 to 16 days before the next period is due.


The menstrual cycle
The menstrual cycle

Young women will begin to menstruate – a time referred to as menarche – between the ages of 9-15, and during this time will ovulate and be able to become pregnant.


Ovulation typically stops after menopause around the age of 51. Ovulation still occurs during the time leading up to menopause, however, which is referred to as peri-menopause.


How can ovulation be detected?

Finger pointing at a fertility temperature chart.

Ovulation may be detected by the effect that it can have on a woman’s body temperature.

There are several indications that a woman is ovulating. During ovulation, the cervical mucus increases in volume and becomes thicker due to increased estrogen levels. It is often said that the cervical mucus resembles egg whites at a woman’s most fertile point.

Thicker mucus during ovulation
Thicker mucus during ovulation

Ovulation may also lead to a 0.4 to 1.0 degree increase in body temperature. This is driven by the hormone progesterone that is secreted when an egg is released. Women are generally most fertile for two to three days before the temperature achieves its maximum.


A few women are actually capable of sensing ovulation in their mid-sections. It is described as being mildly achy or a pang of pain. This condition is called Mittelschmerz – from the German “middle pain” – and it may last between a few minutes and a few hours.


Finally, ovulation predictor kits are available from drug stores that are able to detect the increase in luteinizing hormone in the urine just before ovulation