Dorothy’s hope foundation is a charitablr non-govermental organization that focuses mainly on Breast cancer and breast cancer patients, raising awareness by encouraging early screening, raising funds for treatments and being a support system, it is believed prevention is better than cure, so the main aim is to help the society get an indepth knowledge about it. It is adviced every woman must their breast type so they would when something is wrong. Comments were passed on several topics that included :
What breast cancer is
Symptoms and signs
How to self examine
The event was was graced by celebrities, media personels and medical doctors from the Oncology department of Okomfo Anokye Hospital in Kumasi that aided with the screening, and educating the public about breast cancer. The founder of the Organization Dorothy Amuah extended the whole package to benefit our beautiful mothers in the markets who couldn’t join us because of their busy schedules. The foundation also gave out some freebies which included packs of sanitary pads by kare, water, food amongst others.
The medical team made the whole event profiting by educating us on breast cancer anand how to detect, lets begin with what breast cancer is
What is Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is a malignant tumor (a collection of cancer cells) arising from the cells of the breast. Although breast cancer predominantly occurs in women, although breast cancer affects women.most it can also affect men.Breast cancer and its complications can affect nearly every part of the body.
What causes breast cancer?
There are many risk factors that increase the chance of developing breast cancer. Although we know some of these risk factors, we don’t know the cause of breast cancer or how these factors cause the development of a cancer cell.
We know that normal breast cells become cancerous because of mutations in the DNA, and although some of these are inherited, most DNA changes related to breast cells are acquired during one’s life.
Proto-oncogenes help cells grow. If these cells mutate, they can increase growth of cells without any control. Such mutations are referred to as oncogenes. Such uncontrolled cell growth can lead to cancer.
The following are risk factors for breast cancer:
- Age: The chances of breast cancer increase as one gets older.
- Family history: The risk of breast cancer is higher among women who have relatives with the disease. Having a close relative with the disease (sister, mother, daughter) doubles a woman’s risk.
- Personal history: Having been diagnosed with breast cancer in one breast increases the risk of cancer in the other breast or the chance of an additional cancer in the original breast.
- Women diagnosed with certain benign breast conditions have an increased risk of breast cancer. These include atypical hyperplasia, a condition in which there is abnormal proliferation of breast cells but no cancer has developed.
- Menstruation: Women who started their menstrual cycle at a younger age (before 12) or went through menopause later (after 55) have a slightly increased risk.
- Breast tissue: Women with dense breast tissue (as documented by mammogram) have a higher risk of breast cancer.
- Race: White women have a higher risk of developing breast cancer, but African-American women tend to have more aggressive tumors when they do develop breast cancer.
- Exposure to previous chest radiation or use of diethylstilbestrol increases the risk of breast cancer.
- Having no children or the first child after age 30 increases the risk of breast cancer.
- Breastfeeding for one and a half to two years might slightly lower the risk of breast cancer.
- Being overweight or obese increases the risk of breast cancer both in pre- and postmenopausal women but at different rates.
- Use of oral contraceptives in the last 10 years increases the risk of breast cancer slightly.
- Using combined hormone therapy after menopause increases the risk of breast cancer.
- Alcohol use increases the risk of breast cancer, and this seems to be proportional to the amount of alcohol used. A recent study reviewing the research on alcohol use and breast cancer concluded that all levels of alcohol use are associated with an increased risk for breast cancer. This includes even light drinking.
- Exercise seems to lower the risk of breast cancer.
- Genetic risk factors: The most common causes are inheriting a mutated gene from a parent means that one has a significantly higher risk of developing breast cancer.
Breast Cancer Symptoms & Signs
Breast cancer does not always produce symptoms; women may have cancers that are so small they do not produce masses that can be felt or other recognizable changes in the breast. When symptoms do occur, a lump or mass in the breast is the most common symptom.
Other possible symptoms include
- nipple discharge or redness,
- changes in the skin such as puckering or dimpling,
- and swelling of part of the breast.
How to self examine
Adult women of all ages are encouraged to perform breast self-exams on daily basis or at least once a month.
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Mechanical Engineer by profession, i guess i can do blogging part time right? Right, there we go, thats where it all started